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Electric Bicycle Industry: China Market Trends, Size, Share and Forecast Report 2012-2015 Available at ResearchMoz.us

Electric Bicycle Industry: China Market Trends, Size, Share and Forecast Report 2012-2015 Available at ResearchMoz.us


Albany, NY (PRWEB) May 11, 2013

Researchmoz presents this most up-to-date research on China Electric Bicycle Industry Report, 2012-2015. The report focuses primarily on quantitative market metrics in order to characterize the growth and evolution of the China Electric Bicycle Industry.

Chinese electric bicycle manufacturers went through a painful ordeal in 2011. The circular for rectifying the electric bicycle industry issued by the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, and General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, the rising price of raw materials like lead-acid batteries and the slowly growing demand because of market saturation depressed the electric bicycle industry (http://www.researchmoz.us/china-electric-bicycle-industry-report-2012-2015-report.html) into low-speed development from a boom in 2010. The output of electric bicycles increased by only 4.8% YoY to 30.96 million units in 2011, with the growth rate slipping by 28 percentage points over 2010. The slow growth looks to continue into 2012.

Amid the overall industry downturn, the strong get stronger and the weak fade away, with the acceleration of industry consolidation. The leaders like Yadea, AIMA and Xinri have started to further expand the market share by virtue of their edges in capital, technology, production scale and brand influence, while a large number of small-sized firms see the squeezed market space and plummeting market share and may face merger or bankruptcy. As a whole, the industry also embraces golden opportunity for development, though the majority of enterprises encounter a crisis. Firstly, the quality of such components as battery and motor needs to be improved, and the energy-saving and environment-friendly features of Chinese electric bicycle products wait to be enhanced. Once these problems are addressed, the enterprises will rid themselves of the intense homogeneous competition, enhance their product profitability and effectively explore the international market; secondly, the uncertainty of domestic industrial policy and the imperfect management system hamper the industry development. As the State improves the management mechanism of electric bicycle and issues new standards for product quality, the Chinese electric bicycle industry will enjoy huge development space.

Along with the increasingly fierce competition, some manufacturers like Xinri and Aima began to tap into central market instead of focusing on the Yangtze River Delta and Bohai Economic Rim to seize the initiative. They tend to establish production bases closer to the consumer market, and Shangqiu, Henan and Xiangyang, Hubei are expected to become new manufacturing bases of electric bicycle.

The report not only introduces the electric bicycle industry in China, Europe, the United States and Japan, but also highlights the electric bicycle business of 28 domestic manufacturers including Jiangsu Yadea, Jiangsu Xinri, AIMA Hi-tech, Shanghai Lima and Shandong Bidewen, etc.

Buy a copy of this report at http://www.researchmoz.us/sample/checkout.php?rep_id=151755&type=S

Jiangsu Yadea, a famous electric bicycle producer in China, tops the ranking of China National Light Industry Council (CNLIC) electric bicycle industry for three consecutive years. Headquartered in Wuxi, Jiangsu, the company now owns four production bases in Wuxi, Cixi, Tianjin and Dongguan, and boasts an annual capacity of nearly 6 million electric bicycles.

Jiangsu Xinri is one of the leading electric bicycle producers and has rapidly expanded its capacity in the past two years. Its production base, which is located in Xiangyang, Hubei and boasts an annual capacity of 2 million electric bicycles, was officially put into operation in June 2011. Later in June 2012, its electric bicycle project with one-million capacity went into operation in Wuxi, when its total capacity amounted to 6 million electric bicycles per year.

AIMA Hi-tech is another leader in Chinese electric bicycle industry. It has built up new bases in Dongguan and Shangqiu in the recent two years, with both its capacity and sales volume rapidly expanding. In 2011, its electric bicycle led the industry in terms of sales volume which reached 2.6 million.

About Us:

ResearchMoz is the one stop online destination to find and buy market research reports & Industry Analysis. We fulfill all your research needs spanning across industry verticals with our huge collection of market research reports.

Vocus©Copyright 1997-

, Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.
Vocus, PRWeb, and Publicity Wire are trademarks or registered trademarks of Vocus, Inc. or Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.

DMi Partners Names the Five Trends that Changed Marketing in 2011

DMi Partners Names the Five Trends that Changed Marketing in 2011

DMi Partners

Philadelphia, PA (PRWEB) November 29, 2011

2011 has been a monumental year in the progression of digital marketing tactics, especially when it comes to digitization and the switch to mobile media. Leading, Philadelphia-based performance marketing agency, DMi Partners, today announced the top five trends driving digital commerce over the last 12 months. These trends continue to alter the marketing methods necessary to reach target audiences and bring the development of streamlined, all-device communications closer to reality.

DMi Partners pointed to the following five trends as the most significant developments in 2011:

Social media takes customer engagement to the next level.

In 2011, the marketing industry placed an increased importance upon engaging consumers in the digital world. The use of social media for client-company interaction now accompanies, and at times replaces, auto-respond emails, generic phone calls, and other established tactics. Facebook’s ‘like’ and share capabilities, Twitter’s ‘retweeting’ and hashtag trending, the Google+ +1 option, and Foursquare’s location tags create additional avenues for brand awareness and loyalty, as well as allowing for organic, consumer-promoted, viral marketing. This kind of engagement is not only beneficial for companies promoting themselves, but is practically necessary to meet consumers’ new expectations.

The rise of mobile marketing through SMS and QR Codes

Mobile devices continue to evolve and become ‘smarter’, and with those changes, the methods we use to reach and interact with consumers are advancing. Text messages are now more widely used than ever to communicate branding and marketing messages, as well as deliver mobile coupons and promotions. QR codes, physical barcodes that call up promotions when photographed with readers on mobile devices, have become an increasingly popular method of advertisement and promotion, tethering brick-and-mortar promotions to the digital world.

Green initiatives continue to drive sales

As manufacturing, chemicals, and waste continue to threaten the environment, consumers are becoming more and more conscious of their impact on the planet. Companies that promote a more eco-friendly way of doing business have had success marketing to those environmentally concerned customers. The success of green marketing has also created the practice of ‘greenwashing’, bringing into question the legitimacy of many companies that are reaping benefits from marketing green practices. ‘Greenwashing’ is the deceptive promotion of a company’s eco-friendly policies in order to distract consumers from the larger impact caused by the company’s environmentally detrimental products and processes.

Applications on mobile devices garner advertising revenue

The popularization of eReaders, iPads, and tablets has marketers using creative new methods of to promote products and services via applications. Companies are developing and selling applications for additional revenue, designed to simplify the use of their services on mobile devices. Conversely, ad-supported, free, downloadable “apps” are driving huge profit through consumer click-throughs.

Rise of daily deals

The ubiquity of mobile devices has made receiving and redeeming promotions nearly instantaneous, leading to a proliferation of deals released daily. Independent daily deal distributors and web properties of established marketing companies have entered the scene to increase traffic and brand awareness for clients, while opening a new avenue for lead generation.

“Though 2011 may not have produced any ‘big bang’ moments, we have seen the acceleration of a number of ongoing trends, especially in the area of mobile marketing,” said Patrick McKenna, CEO, DMi Partners. “The ability of companies to reach customers at any time, on any device, has really changed the game, across almost every industry. Marketers who are able to stay on their toes, think creatively and respond quickly to new methods of communication will thrive, while the rest will risk being left behind.”

About DMi Partners

Founded in 2003, DMi Partners is a Performance Marketing Agency that delivers real, tangible results for clients through the development and implementation of digital marketing programs. Whether you are an educational institution looking to maximize your recruitment strategy, a financial services firm seeking a stronger link with customers and prospects, or any other business that thrives on qualified leads, DMi Partners can help you increase the productivity of your digital marketing program, drive growth and build your bottom line.

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Vocus©Copyright 1997-

, Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.
Vocus, PRWeb, and Publicity Wire are trademarks or registered trademarks of Vocus, Inc. or Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.

Top 10 Internet Trends and Predictions for 2011 – Tips from your Green Web Hosting provider

Top 10 Internet Trends and Predictions for 2011

Many economists say the “great recession” ended over a year ago. But unemployment is still high, and consumer spending is still sluggish. This does not mean companies should sit and wait for things to improve. Instead, upgrade your strategy for the economy that exists today and grow your business, even in a tough economy.

10 trends and predictions for 2011 from Green Host It

This can serve as a guide for online businesses as places to start to prepare for and gain market growth.

1. Local Social media

Companies have moved toward social media in an effort to build their brand and convert visitors into shoppers. The trend toward social media marketing is no surprise because in the last few years, social media has seen explosive growth. But one new trend that is moving toward the front-line in social media is local social media. When you follow the recent rise of location-based services like Foursquare or Tripit, it is clear that people want to connect with others by location, as well as share experiences and seek recommendations by those who are well informed.

Many shoppers are looking for websites that they can trust. In the past, online shoppers purchased from websites and companies from anywhere around the globe and location was not really an issue, but with the tight economy, shoppers have become more savvy. Trends have shown that building visitor trust is an important method of shaping your brand and engaging visitors. People will begin to use more local services, therefore, expect location-based search to bloom as well.

What to do?

Build visitor trust on your website and cater to local search.

2. Mobile – the Next Frontier for Brand Engagement

Retailers are scrambling to implement mobile websites so that shoppers can use their smart phones to purchase their products. Top brands are investing a large segment of their advertising budget on slick, interactive and stylish iPhone apps and mobile websites.

As the social web evolves, attention is shifting away from destinations and migrating towards micro experiences. Mobile websites are self-contained environments and delivered directly to individuals where their attention is focused. Whereas websites alone served this function since the 90s, mobile websites will grow in popularity and cater to the Internet users’ appetite for consumption. Smart business owners can capitalize by developing and maintaining a website that is mobile ready.

What to do?

Green Host It offers Joomla for free on every web hosting plan. Joomla is an easy-to-use content management system with unlimited free modules and plugins. Use MobileJoomla to turn your website into a mobile website, instantly.

3. mCommerce

Users are opening their wallets while on-the-go now more than ever before. Mobile websites and eCommerce stores are becoming more popular and mCommerce – the term for eCommerce stores geared towards mobile users – are becoming more commonplace for the simple fact that people are now shopping while on their smart phones. People tend to buy products as an impulse decision while mobile more than while on a desktop computer. By building a mobile website and selling a product that is “liked” and that visitors trust, shoppers will likely come back for more.


What to do?

Develop a mobile website. Build your brand. Blog and develop quality content on your website. This will help to build visitor loyalty and establish your company as an industry expert.

4. Email Marketing

Yes, email, the apparently forgotten indigent stepchild of social media. But email is alive and well and living in everyone’s in box. According to ShareThis, 46% of people share content by email – larger than any other social platform. And, according to StrongMail, nearly 37% share by email, with 21% sharing by embedded badges.

What to do?

Network, collect business cards, establish a LinkedIn account. Never purchase email lists. Instead, develop a list of quality leads to whom you can send emails in which you promote your recent products, services, or company announcements.

5. Blogging, Content Publishing and Distribution

A new trend in content publishing and distribution will continue to blossom from social media networks. Many bloggers are already extending their platforms from the blog to Twitter, Facebook, RSS feed readers, and other social networks. Sharing your content with others and letting them use relevant portions of your content can actually help you gain more visitors.

What to do?

Populate your site with good, free content.
Refer to the Green Host It social networking blog section.
6. iPhone Apps

iPhone apps will continue to grow into a more commonplace tool for brand recognition. A new startup, MobileRoadie, gives companies the ability to better interact with brands and personalities by helping small businesses create their own iPhone Apps. It is an incredibly sophisticated infrastructure that places the power of creating an iPhone app and marketing it through iTunes within reach of almost anyone.

What to do?

Consider developing an iPhone app to connect with and engage more customers.

7. Real Time

Many people have started to compare the increased popularity of the real-time trend to the Web 2.0 trend in 2007.

Google Wave is an excellent example as it is trying to be a combination of wiki, email, and instant messaging. While the utility of Google Wave has not become mainstream, or completely understood by many, it is an example of what many future technologies will look like.

What to do?

Consider establishing a Google Wave, Skype instant messaging account or installing a live chat on your website. If you are a frequent reader of Green Host It blog articles, you will see a trend in our web design recommendations. Joomla is our design tool of preference, therefore, for a live chat, we direct visitors toward CMSFruit live chat for Joomla.

8. Video Search

Videos are becoming more and more commonplace and almost a requirement for building a business brand. As it stands today, videos are searched and sorted by meta tags, titles, and descriptions. In 2011, there is a good chance that technology will start to be released that can interpret what the content of the video actually is. This will make videos an even more powerful tool for building a brand and gaining recognition within a community. Google and Bing have already taken small steps towards this goal by adding image-recognition to their portfolio. In the long run, this will greatly affect what is being said in a video. The future of designing and scripting a video may very well follow the same guidelines as SEO content writers follow today.

What to do?

If you do not yet have videos on your website, Xtranormal is an easy way to create videos. Your company profile is not complete without a video tutorial or testimonial.

9. Eco Pods

As more web hosting companies scramble to become “green”, the HP Eco-Pod will become more popular. The HP POD can be deployed within weeks instead of requiring months or even years to design. Aging data centers are forced to build new space, with high costs and long lead times. The HP POD is typically 20-40% more energy efficient than a typical data center, reducing energy cost and greenhouse gas emissions.

What do do?

Most small businesses do not have the budget to develop their own data center or purchase an eco pod in order to go green. Consider the GreenHostIt green data center for your IT needs.
Large corporate enterprises are moving to quickly upgrade or broaden the capacity of their physical infrastructure with the HP Eco Pod.
10. Website Facelift

If you’ve already spent the money to build a website, it may be time for a facelift. Rather than starting over completely, try designing some new fresh, landing-pages. Most website visitors come in through the back door and through blog posts. Be sure that your site is easy to read – not only for people browsing the web through their computers but accessing your site through their iPhones and Blackberries, too.

In this economy, it is more important than ever to avoid becoming a “me, too” brand. Low prices and quality service are no longer enough. Whether it’s a YouTube video, an iPad app or a free event, offer something to make customers take notice. By re-vamping your company website, you can better communicate to your target audience and show them what separates you from the herd.

What to do?

Keep a very thorough list of company names and websites with design architecture that you admire. Browse the web and take notice of those that grab your attention and engage you as a consumer. These sites can serve as a model. Make your website original and never follow the lead of another company. Develop your own niche. A website re-design may be the perfect way to stand out from the crowd and launch your brand above your competitors.  Consider utilizing green web hosting to make your website stand out from the crowd.  Show you care about the Earth and the environment by utilizing a green hosting provider.

Ms. Rosendahl has over 19 years experience in systems analysis, hosted applications, and management as well as 12 years experience in search engine optimization and Internet marketing.  Ms. Rosendahl has a Bachelors from Houston Baptist University with a double major in Computer Information Systems and Business Management.

Article from articlesbase.com

Related Green Business Development Articles

Green Building Growth Highlights Consultant?s Top Ten Trends for 2010

Green Building Growth Highlights Consultant’s Top Ten Trends for 2010

Faculty Offices, Cal Poly State U., CA

Tucson, AZ (Vocus) January 6, 2010

Green building industry leader, Jerry Yudelson says that green building will continue to grow in spite of the global credit crisis and the ongoing economic recession in most countries. The green building consultant published his annual Top Ten list of green building trends, which included this and other insights.

“What we’re seeing is that more people are going green each year, and there is nothing on the horizon that will stop this trend,” explains Jerry Yudelson, the principal of Tucson-based green building consulting company, Yudelson Associates. “In putting together my Top Ten trends for 2010, I’m taking advantage of conversations I’ve had with green building industry leaders in the U.S., Canada, Germany and Australia as I have traveled the world over the past year.”

Yudelson’s Top Ten Green Building Trends include:

1. Green building will continue to grow more than 60 percent in 2010, using new LEED project registrations as a proxy, on a cumulative basis. “We’ve seen cumulative growth in new LEED projects over 60 percent per year since 2006, in fact 80 percent in 2009, and there’s no sign that the green wave has crested,” he said.

2. Green building will benefit from the Obama presidency and the strongly Democratic Congress, with a continued focus on green jobs gained by applying incentives energy efficiency, new green technologies and renewable energy. This trend will last for the foreseeable future.

3. The focus of the green building industry will continue to switch from new buildings to greening existing buildings. “The fastest growing LEED rating system in 2009 was the LEED for Existing Buildings program, and I expect this trend to continue in 2010,” said Yudelson. My 2009 book, Greening Existing Buildings, documents the strategic components of this trend.

4. Awareness of the coming global crisis in fresh water supply will increase, leading building designers and managers to take further steps to reduce water consumption in buildings with more conserving fixtures, rainwater recovery systems and innovative new water technologies. “My forthcoming book, Dry Run: Preventing the Next Urban Water Crisis, shows how this is being done in green buildings all over the U.S.”

5. The green building movement will go global, as more countries begin to create their own green building incentives and developing their own Green Building Councils. More than 30 countries, on all continents, will show considerable green building growth in 2010.

6. Solar power use in buildings will accelerate with the prospect of increasing utility focus on state-level renewable power standards (RPS) for 2015 and 2020. As before, third-party financing partnerships will continue to grow and provide capital for large rooftop systems.

7. Local governments will step up their mandates for green buildings for both themselves and the private sector. We’ll see at least 20 major new cities with commercial sector green building mandates. The desire to reduce carbon emissions by going green will lead more government agencies to require green buildings.

8. Zero-net-energy designs for new buildings become increasingly commonplace, in both residential and commercial sectors, as LEED and ENERGY STAR ratings become too common to confer competitive advantage.

9. The retail sector will embrace green building, especially green operations. I call this trend, ‘shop green ‘til you drop, says Yudelson. “More retailers are becoming conscious of the need for both operational green measures and greening the supply chain.”

10. European green building technologies will become better known and more widely adopted in the U.S. and Canada. “My 2009 book, Green Building Trends: Europe, has helped to accelerate this trend, along with an increasing number of European architects and engineers, who are opening offices in the U.S.”

11. A bonus pick: Yudelson adds “Campus sustainability plans and actions will become the defining trend in higher education,” as more than 800 leading educational institutions race to embrace a thorough response to climate change.

About Yudelson Associates

Yudelson Associates is a leading international firm in sustainability planning and green building consulting. The founder, Jerry Yudelson, is widely acknowledged as one of the nation’s leading green building and sustainability consultants. He is the author of 11 green building books and served as Research Scholar for Real Estate Sustainability for the International Council of Shopping Centers, a 70,000-member international trade organization. He is a frequent green building speaker at industry and professional conferences and chaired the industry’s largest annual show, Greenbuild, from 2004 through 2009.

For more information please contact Jerry Yudelson, 520-207-9759, info(at)greenbuildconsult(dot)com or visit http://www.greenbuildconsult.com.



Vocus©Copyright 1997-

, Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.
Vocus, PRWeb, and Publicity Wire are trademarks or registered trademarks of Vocus, Inc. or Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.

General Trends and Disciplines within the Study of Geography

Geography is one of the sciences you can not do without nowadays. What makes it so important? It helps you learn more about the world you live in. New research fields and disciplines within geography study appear constantly.

There are two main areas within geography.

The Earth from the point of view of environmental patterns and processes is studied by physical geography.

Human use and understanding of Earth is the subject of human geography.

These branches are closely interconnected and related to external disciplines like physics, biology, history and social sciences.

Among human geography disciplines there are

1.economic geography which deals with the study of different economic types and formations in their relationship with each other and the natural environment,


2.political geography the issue of which is studying relationship between political processes and spatial peculiarities,

3.cultural geography studying the variation of specific cultural features and standards throughout the world,

4.tourism geography which observes tourism as human activity,

5.historical geography that holds together such issues as history of geographic science and the changes in territorial division and environment throughout time,

6.urban geography which studies the infrastructure and processes within urban areas.

Physical geography concerns the following issues:

1.geomorphology that is the study of the Earth surface and the processes forming it,

2.hydrology that aims at researching the processes of water movement and accumulation throughout the Earth – it’s connected to glaciology – the study of glaciers and ice sheets – and oceanography – the study of oceans and seas,

3.biogeography i.e. the study of animal species populations, their spatial division and the processes affecting it,

4.climatology – the study of climate,

5.pedology – the soil study,

6.paleogeography investigating the processes which took place in the prehistoric ages and their outcomes in modern times,

7.landscape ecology that deals with the interconnection between ecological processes and landscape patterns.

Michael Cockson is an ambitious young writer and researcher who provides research paper writing services in several fields of study. Being a highly educated and all-rounded person, Michael knows writing a term paper and a the non plagiarized term paper inside out.

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Opportunities And Market Trends In The Development Of Printers And Supplies

Printers and supplies the world market trend analysis

Printer in the world is entering the era of universal, desktop inkjet machine installed capacity from 223 million units in 2000 to 3.19 million units in 2003, the annual compound growth rate (CAGR) was 12%, laser machine from 2000, about 62 million units in 2003 to almost 80 million units holdings, the annual compound growth rate of 9%. The world has 270 million users, a strong stimulus to the global supplies industry.

Analysis according to industry personnel, from Sell Places to see in 2008 sold about 28.7 billion U.S. dollars global laser toner drum components, including the new 0EM Cartridge, compatible and remanufactured drum cartridge drum cartridge components; In 2008, the new 0EM cartridges , compatible cartridges and remanufactured cartridges total sales of 30.4 billion U.S. dollars.

Global Environmental protection Type (ie, remanufactured) inkjet cartridges and laser toner drum component of the Revenue growth faster than 0EM 2003, about 70 million U.S. dollars to 11 billion yuan in 2007, the annual compound growth rate of 12% (CAGR), Original 0EM growth of 4% growth of environmentally friendly products, unheard of in any industry. To monochrome laser drum cartridge remanufactured components accounted for 30% of global sales are expected to be 36% in 2007. General trends in world supplies, consumables industry in China will affect the trend.

China’s printer and supplies market trend analysis

As multinational product structural adjustment, the printer manufacturers have transferred to China, the Chinese printers to become producing country, exporting country, the world’s 6 sets each have a laser machine manufacturer in China, each machine has 3 sets of stylus 2 sets made in China, the world’s inkjet machine every 7 had 2 sets manufactured in China, nearly two years of the Chinese market, 95% of the ribbon, 90% of the wide-format inkjet media and ink have been achieved with localization, inkjet cartridges and recycled supplies current common market share of about 20%. Laser Cartridge component, in 2003 China produced 17 million sets in general and re-manufacturing accounted for about 600 million, most of the exports, the Chinese market, only 10% of the market share of generic Laser supplies in the country.

Per 1,000 people in China have a Duplicator An average of 3.58 units per 1,000 people per 1,000 laser machine has a 6.9 inkjet machine and abroad there is still a future outlook. Global Universal Laser consumables and remanufacturing supplies about 30%, China is only about 10%, there is a large gap between us to occupy.

General supplies of China’s development policy environment and legal environment is being improved

1, Ministry of the four “benefit” as the development of consumable industrial policy, that is: good for environmental protection and pollution prevention of new printers play, not to sacrifice the environment for information technology achievements; is conducive to reducing the user cost , to reverse the current “affordable horse, Pei Buqi saddle” situation; favor of domestic enterprises, to buy the lamp a certain age to buy foreign oil, we must end our generation hands off; conducive to the protection of intellectual property, design product to avoid patent, to “bore a striking resemblance shape is not.”

2, the EU directive, declared to all violations of the principle of circular economy initiative declared illegal, on the development of environmentally friendly supplies in China have far-reaching impact.

3,1983, the State Council convened the Second National Environmental Conference announced that the environmental protection as a basic national policy of China. Vice Premier Zeng 2003, the environment, the meeting made clear that China must vigorously develop the “recycling economy” and “green industry.”

4,1995 State on January 31 announced Presidential Decree No. 98, “the People’s Republic of China Solid Waste Pollution Prevention and Control Act” to determine the implementation of the waste “reduction, sound, resource” principle.

5, “during the” China’s implementation of “pollutant emission control” and “Century Green Plan.”

6,2003 effect on July 1 to implement the reduction of toxic and hazardous substances production measures.

7,2006 effect on January 1st to market within the national key regulatory directory Electronic Information products can not contain lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyl polymer (PBB) or polybrominated diphenyl ether polymer (PBDE) and so on.

8,2003 by the end of the relevant ministries and countersigned by the Ministry of Information Industry in conjunction with “Management of Electronic Information Products Pollution Control Measures”; sure that all computer products such as access to key regulatory catalog, select non-toxic, harmless or low toxicity, low harm, easily degraded and facilitate recycling of materials, waste producers should bear their products after the recovery, treatment, reuse of related responsibilities.

9, the State introduced a series of national standards to ensure environmental protection, such as: GB18597-2001 “pollution control standards for hazardous waste storage” GB18598-2001 “Hazardous Waste Landfill Pollution Control Standard” GB18484-2001 “Hazardous Waste Incineration Pollution Control Standard” GB16487 “environmental protection control standard for imported scrap,” 10, the State Environmental Protection Administration to develop “renewable resource recycling and use of” 15 “development plan.”

11, the NPC study “comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development” concept of scientific development, to environmental protection and waste recycling and comprehensive utilization of resources as the key to saving towards society.

12, the State Environmental Protection Administration, April 18, 2004 held in Qingdao, “Extended Producer Responsibility nationwide industry standards and Electronic Waste Recycling and Utilization Technology Policy Seminar.”

13, the State Council issued “on carrying out resource conservation activities,” the notice, stressing circular economy and utilization of renewable resources and comprehensive recovery.

China General supplies industry confusion and problems

China to promote green printing, face three stumbling block. First: the misunderstanding of some people not yet out of the recycling compared with the old roof was new to recycling was fake and inferior products compared to recycling compared with the infringement of intellectual property. Second: not yet established national standards for recycling and industry standards. International Organization for Standardization IS0/IECJTCI/SC28 upcoming re-use of office equipment, including parts of the quality and performance requirements of “international standards. Germany launched DIN33870 renewable component of national standards of laser drum box recycling inkjet cartridges Germany launched the national standard DIN33871. China is no recycling of product standards. Third: Ministry of Information Industry will soon introduce “Electronic Information Products Pollution Control Regulations”, the state has not yet issued a mandatory recycling regulations printer supplies, resulting in production of environmentally friendly supplies, “nowhere” market “no laws”, there is with international standards and even the recycling of resources into the industry to combat counterfeiting

I am China Manufacturers writer, reports some information about compaq armada 1700 , thinkpad a20.

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China Abrasives Abrasive Industry Development Status And Trends Analysis

According to characteristics of abrasives industry, combined with abrasives of modern enterprises in the production processes in high-quality products, modern marketing strategies, modern integrated manufacturing technology, enterprise cultural construction, information technology, environmental protection and labor safety and other aspects of the social needs of , and our different levels of socio-economic capacity and demand, production of modern abrasives strategy on the development studies, with a view to China from producing countries Abrasives abrasives production as soon as possible to become powerful.

1, abrasive abrasive industry overview

1 Classification and characteristics of abrasive abrasive products

Referred to as abrasive grinding tools, grinding with a Bonded Abrasives, coated abrasives and superhard abrasive three major series, have their own characteristics, independent existence, have their own strengths. Bonded Abrasives Bonded Abrasives is to use abrasive (grinding material) and the binding agent made of a certain shape and a certain capacity grinding tools.

Bonded Abrasives marks Example: Shape size of abrasive particle size binder hardness of the organization 35M/SGB/T2485 shape of 300 × 50 × 75 code-named types of abrasive grain-bonded abrasive grinding hardness of the work of the Organization of Supreme conditions where the standard rate of abrasive technology No. In addition to the maximum working speed and abrasive technical conditions where the standard numbers, the other for the consolidation of the abrasive characteristics.

Abrasive particle size refers to the thickness of abrasive size, abrasive grinding consolidation with the next series of standards, which are based on the seven characteristics of the 1998 National Standardization Technical Committee abrasives published by the Chinese machinery industry standards in each of the provisions of . Here is the consolidation of abrasive hardness of the external force, the combination of binder and abrasive strength, according to the thickness of particle size were used blasting hardness and Rockwell hardness measurement.

Hardness of sub-super-soft (super-soft one, super-soft 2), soft (the soft one, soft 2), in the soft (the soft one, the soft-2), medium (medium 1, medium 2), medium hard (the hard one , the hard-2, the hard-3), Hard (hard one, hard 2), super-hard (super hard one, hard 2), etc. 7 large levels of 15 small-class. Bond refers to the consolidation of the various types of abrasive products and abrasive binder bonding material. Bonded Abrasives usually ceramic, resin, rubber, magnesite four categories of binding agent. These four binder with ceramic binder grinding the largest proportion.

VITRIFIED main materials are clay, feldspar, loess, quartz stone composed of different abrasive, for different purposes and different system of law (Pouring or suppress) different ceramic binder. Phenolic resin binder is mainly the type of resin, powder resins and liquid resins sub-two categories, also based on the different laws and different uses of the system is divided into a variety of resin binder.

Rubber binder currently used man-made SBR, buna rubber and liquid rubber three categories, according to the different system of law and uses of different and divided into a variety of rubber binder. Magnesite binders main materials are magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride composed of two materials, mainly used for fine-grained abrasive for fine-processing purposes.

Various combinations of agents of the code is as follows: Name of bonding agent bonding agent bonding agent, code-named ceramic V resin-bonded rubber binding agent B Bond R magnesite Mg (3) organization: the organization refers to the consolidation of the volume occupied by abrasives in the abrasive , by weight% to that.

Usually organizations in abrasives signs are not displayed, while the manufacture formula based system, self-control to Arabic numerals, ie the number of smaller, more loose organization, namely, consolidation of abrasive in the ratio of the less abrasive the contrary, the greater the number of The more compact organization, representing the ratio of the more abrasive. Usually the organization from No. 0-12, No. 13 organizations..

Coated Abrasives Coated Abrasives is the abrasive binder to adhere to the abrasive substrate deflection, also known as flexible abrasives. Coated Abrasives has nine characteristics: substrate types – Material handling – Abrasive types – abrasive particle size – sand-planting density – binder types – bond strength – shape – size.

Diamond Abrasives Diamond Abrasives is caused by employing superabrasive diamond or cubic boron nitride abrasive made of, the Department of abrasive another major series. Several characteristics of super-hard abrasive and marked with the following: concentration, binding agent, grain size, abrasive grade, abrasive layer thickness, diameter, total thickness, diameter, shape code above features and markings are in accordance with ISO 1998 National Abrasives Technical Committee of China published by the Chinese machinery industry standard requirements for each standard on the concentration: the organization and consolidation of abrasive roughly the same number, but in super-hard abrasive should be marked in the sign.

The so-called super-hard abrasive concentration is the volume per cm3 in the number of grams contained in the super-hard abrasive to% numbers indicate the concentration of code is as follows: Code abrasive concentration (g/cm3) the concentration of 250.2225% 500.4450% 750.6675% 1000.88100% 1 501.32150% on the integration of agent: refers to a combination of super-hard abrasive agent used in class. Bond code is as follows: binder resin bond agent, code-named B metal binding agent M vitrified bond V.

2, abrasive abrasive industry History

New China abrasives industry from scratch, from scratch, from small to big, after half a century of self-reliance, hard work, and gradually establish a relatively independent and complete abrasives R & D, manufacturing, testing systems, especially in the reform and opening up after 10 years, has made more rapid development in the nineties of the last century, our abrasives industry and the gap between the advanced world level has been greatly reduced.

However, as the world’s materials technology, the mechanical processes and technologies, as well as the rapid development of scientific instruments, in the turn of the century period of time, the rapid development of foreign abrasives industry, new technologies, new products, new processes are emerging; while the period of China’s industrial abrasives industry is in a management system reform, enterprise, transforming themselves, the stage of the restructuring of industrial organization, the original industrial layout has been disrupted, the new market order is exploring the establishment of industrial development and technological progress at a standstill 1:00 state, making the already narrow gap has been quickly widening.

At present, the world’s economic development orientation and the regional economic structure is in great flux. Driven by economic globalization, China’s modernization and the world increasingly accelerated process of economic integration, the country’s overall technological level and increasing the quality of the state to enhance the comprehensive strength rapidly.

Our abrasives manufacturing enterprises to adapt to global economic integration and expansion of domestic demand, the opportunities and challenges, corporate reorganization, restructuring, reform, transformation and the pace of adjustment of product structure has also been rapid development of increasingly sharp increase in the degree of internationalization .

Founding 60 years, abrasives manufacturing enterprises in China have made rapid development, and gradually formed a complete product range, with a certain overall strength of abrasives production system. Formed a joint venture with multinational companies and domestic companies and small part of the mainly high-end abrasives manufacturing enterprises, and part of the former state-owned large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises restructuring and developed rapidly in recent years, large-scale private and characteristics of private and high-end enterprise-based abrasives manufacturers, and in small and medium private enterprises mainly low-end production of three levels of abrasives manufacturer.

At present annual production capacity abrasives already have a large scale, most of the product areas of excess capacity. General speaking, half a century, China abrasives production has been great development, but with the international advanced enterprises compared to the top abrasives, there is still a gap.

(1) of the overall process and there is a certain gap between the level of equipment. Abrasives manufacturing enterprises in China After years of development, a number of key enterprises and equipment level has been greatly improved, some technology and equipment level to achieve convergence with the international first-class level of modernization, but the overall level of overall technology and equipment, abrasive grinding and international with advanced enterprises still lags far behind, especially in the production process, automation and equipment, and technology aspects of information integration throughout the plant.

(2) In the past with international competitiveness is mainly low-tech, value-added products smaller, while the core of large, high-tech products, competitiveness is still relatively low. Bonded abrasive products in particular. But in recent years, conditions have greatly improved, in the abrasive part of the area has been part of our high-quality product supply domestic and international markets.

(3) The output of low efficiency. Advanced countries, Abrasives manufacturing enterprises Zengjiazhishuai largely in between 50% to 150%, the lowest is also more than 30% abrasives manufacturing enterprises in China is only 5 to 20%, differ greatly. Labor productivity gap between the larger and most enterprises in China is only 5 ~ 300 thousand yuan / person, only the equivalent of advanced foreign companies to 10 ~ 15%. Low economic efficiency.

(4) abrasives product technology, high-end product performance and new product R & D, with foreign advanced level there is a considerable gap.

(5) business-to-market, rapid reaction capability poor. China Abrasives new product development cycle for an average of 18 months, the product life-cycle of 10 to 15 years. The Foreign realized “three three”, namely, product life-cycle of three years, the product trial period of 3 months, the product design cycle for 3 weeks.

(6) enterprise scale structure is irrational. From industry in terms of organizational structure, our abrasives manufacturer unreasonably combination of enterprise scale, large enterprises and enterprise but not strong, leading role of industry, little, small businesses, minor professionals, collaboration is poor, companies in the market competition into a a stalemate. In particular, the strength of large enterprises are still not achieve the scale of operation and group operation, it is difficult to compete with multinational companies to go abroad.

In general terms, our abrasives industry, the existing more than 1,200 enterprises in 2007 reached 61.45 billion yuan industrial output value at current prices compared with 2006, an increase of 40.3%; to achieve sales income of 60.48 billion yuan, an increase of 40.2%, is in a period of rapid growth. But because of their own R & D capability is weak, lower barriers to entry in recent years has been to imitate, copy, based on the development and expansion of inefficient consumption of a large number of valuable resources and energy, with the international advanced level there is a large gaps, mainly in:

    ? high-tech products can not meet the market demand, dependence on imports; low-end generic products, there is a structural surplus, resulting in backlogs, the outstanding purchase price, and price wars.

    ? industry-wide production capacity has reached a certain scale, but the actual production capacity of more dispersed, small-scale enterprises with low economic efficiency.

    ? technology development capacity is weak, self-owned intellectual property products and technologies to small, there is no grasp of product development initiative. ? less product variety, low-tech, manufacturing process data a lack of rigorous testing and verification, can not maintain constant product quality is stable.

    ? abrasives industry, the domestic brand-name gold content is low, less likely to have an international brand.

Today, ordinary Chinese abrasives, producing about 180 million tons. 2007 exports of 1.11 million tons, with an average 484 U.S. dollars / ton; import of 90,000 tons, with an average 750 U.S. dollars / ton. Circulation pattern in the world industry, national as brown corundum and silicon carbide production and export powerhouse. At present countries have begun to implement an active industrial policy, fiscal policy, improve resource and energy use costs and other means to restrict the brown corundum and silicon carbide-based high-energy consumption, high pollution, the development of common abrasives, has begun to bear fruit.

4, abrasives industry, development environment

(1), the inevitable product of the industrialized countries

Abrasives as a manufacturing, oil exploration, mining survey, the areas of material processing and alternative processing an indispensable tool, as the industry’s “teeth”, as a country’s economic development, the basic foundation for the industry to alleviate the “bottleneck “constraints, the bound is committed to stimulate and promote the economy as a whole, such as manufacturing, oil exploration, mineral prospecting, materials processing, and other leading industries. Today is the world’s industrial powers are all above-mentioned areas of power, China should take the rich, powerful way, to develop more industry is the inevitable choice. This will bring about the development of abrasives great opportunities for development.

(2), the general trend of economic globalization,

Production and operation of cross-regional, but also embodied in the social consumption of cross-regional. Should be comprehensive, in-depth understanding of this trend on China’s economy. International Abrasives multinational companies in China, bringing capital, advanced technology, management experience and new business ideas, injected vitality into China’s economy.

The past two years, with China’s accession to WTO, Foreign Cooperation in the emergence of new phenomena, such as the introduction of technical negotiations more difficult; the newly established foreign-invested enterprises or foreign-owned a marked increase in the proportion of absolute control. These phenomena are related to the current domestic and foreign economic situation changes associated, it should be cause for concern as early as possible.

Therefore, since the economic interests of both sides, management strength, political beliefs and ideological and cultural differences, our abrasives manufacturing enterprises in China with the international economic integration in the process of co-operation will both opportunities and risks, domestic enterprises must keep a sober mind, the spirit of good will and common development, pragmatic cooperation and development.

Sales of products and services, globalization of the market as a whole is relatively low competitiveness of manufacturing enterprises in China Abrasives considerable influence. The internationalization of the domestic market may make abrasives manufacturing enterprises of China’s domestic market share loss of part, of course, the domestication of the international market makes it easier to domestic enterprises to enter the international market, provided that domestic enterprises should develop their own initiative to use of the two markets and two resources the sense of accurate positioning in the international market, Chinese products, while maintaining low-cost open up new markets, develop new products.

(3), high-tech transformation, sustainable development

National economic growth is increasingly concentrated in improving scientific and technological level, competition in the market, mainly reflected in the level of product technology competition. At present several of the world famous abrasives manufacturing enterprises are to follow its own development philosophy walked a different path. The development of high starting point is more particular about product technology, marketing of high returns, and strive to jump out of the competition in the low product circle.

France, the United States, Austria, Japan and other countries continue to promote the abrasives improving the quality of the production industry as a whole, so its competitiveness in the international market is still a century ago. To South Korea, Taiwan as the representative of the rising star efforts to adjust industrial structure, optimize the mix as soon as possible to adapt to the challenges of the new situation.

    In contrast, China’s manufacturing enterprises in China Abrasives structural framework is still very scattered, the operating mechanism is still not live pan, manufacturing operations and research potential for lack of scientific and technological content. So, in this broad context, China’s development of abrasives manufacturing enterprises to improve the quality of the first is a comprehensive, extensively absorb the technical achievements at home and abroad, give full play to the advantage of the post-tech and promote industrial upgrading.

(4), Economic Restructuring

At present, a series of supporting progressive reforms launched in abrasives manufacturing enterprises of China’s enterprise reform, industrial restructuring and develop R & D capabilities to create an unprecedented enabling environment.

(5), domestic demand is a huge market

Abrasives has been the world’s excess production capacity, national industries, the major companies on the market between the occupation of more intense. A huge domestic market demand is vigorous development of China’s production of fertile ground for abrasives. National implementation of western development, central China, Hercynian economic zone and other strategies to enhance urban construction, the building of natural gas and west to east, north water diversion project, the plateau railway and a large number of key projects such as high-speed railway, Canada Great efforts on the transformation of traditional industries, the construction of such a large scale in developed countries experienced, and it is difficult to achieve in most developing countries, China’s abrasives manufacturing enterprises should fully seize this historic opportunity, access to big development .

(6), stimulating domestic demand, and ten industrial policy

Revitalization plan in the equipment industry, high-grade abrasives their rejuvenation and development of content, which for the abrasives manufacturer fully utilize the technical resources, capital resources, market resources facilitated, so that manufacturers can abrasives a higher starting point to upgrade the industry’s technical level, and enhance the competitiveness of products in the market at the same time will enable the government and enterprises have to speed up the pace and intensity of the reforms.

In addition, the implementation of China’s new energy policy, and the crystalline silicon PV industry’s rapid development, but also for our silicon carbide powder production and processing of development has brought unprecedented opportunities.

5, abrasive grinding the development prospects of the market

Abrasives Bonded Abrasives are ordinary domestic traditional products with a relatively stable domestic market. According to incomplete statistics, in 2007 the output of China’s Bonded Abrasives and 31 million tons. Slower growth in domestic demand and exports growing rapidly. In 2007, exports of 140,000 tons ordinary abrasives, 1180 U.S. dollars / ton; imports of 8800 tons, 13,000 U.S. dollars / tons, import prices are export prices more than tenfold. As China’s CNC machine tools, steel, automobile, shipbuilding and other industries and bearing a large number of the introduction of foreign production technology and technical equipment, using high-performance, precision, automation, special grinding processing technology, with a corresponding quality and level of abrasive put forward higher requirements. At present, China’s high-quality abrasive products market in short supply.

Super-hard materials from the entire development of the industry point of view, China’s super-hard materials, raw and auxiliary materials, has formed a production scale, but the product is still in development stage products relative to the raw and auxiliary materials, space for a larger appreciation.

Second, analysis of industry trends ABRASIVES

1, efficient high-precision automation is the product development steering wheel

Abrasives industry, a basic industries, but the machining is always occupy a very important position. The abrasives, there are three aspects of the improvement and breakthrough significance. First, the abrasive physical structure improvements, such as the role of the workpiece in unit time, an increase in the number of grit, so that grinding the average length of growth of the grinding contact surface increases, which has changed except the amount of grinding unit of time, effectively enhance the efficiency ; second, super-hard abrasive applications, mainly refers to the metal powder, metal oxide or CBN and other super-hard materials as filler to resin, ceramic or metal binding agent made of abrasive applications.

At present, brought about by the super-hard abrasive high-precision, high-efficiency grinding effect has been widely recognized; third, new abrasives appear, such as the composition of micron-level polycrystalline ceramic-ceramic abrasive, spherical shell containing fine diamond grit abrasive , ultra-precision polishing of polyester film tape and so on. These new abrasives are prominent features to be most vividly demonstrated advantages of grinding process.

Looking at the development of grinding area, the future will be abrasives grinding higher demands, to judge from the current situation, super-hard grinding products precisely meet these new needs. CBN abrasives, such as good thermal stability, high hardness, wear resistance and good properties, so the line of abrasive grinding, high-speed machining, grinding efficiency, grinding life expectancy high, especially suitable for processing high-speed steel, bearing steel , stainless steel, chilled cast iron and other ferrous metal materials. In addition, to meet the various needs of vitrified grinding wheel, large pore high-speed grinding wheel and the different sorts of processing abrasive grinding wheel, diamond saw blade and so on will be expanded as technology advances range of applications to become mainstream products grinding.

Abrasives industry, the products involved in three major categories: First, general abrasives, including the corundum family and silicon carbide, resin abrasives, ceramics, abrasives, etc.; Second, coated abrasives, including the emery cloth, sandpaper, abrasive belt and so on; Third, superhard materials, mainly diamond, cubic boron nitride and related products. Grinding is a machining can not be replaced but also the gradual expansion of the processing methods.

    High efficiency, precision and automation of modern grinding technology, the pursuit of goals.

    First of all, precision grinding and ultra-precision grinding: With the continuous emergence of high-tech products, spare parts machining accuracy and surface integrity of the higher and higher, the traditional to the ultra-precision grinding is grinding, ultra-precision grinding and polishing direction . Ultra-precision grinding is a systematic project, including high-speed high-precision grinding spindles, rails and micro-feed mechanism, precision abrasives and its balance and finishing technology, and environment purification and cooling of grinding methods.

    Second, the high efficiency grinding: Grinding while machining accuracy and surface roughness has an unparalleled advantage, but the material removal rate is difficult to compete with other cutting. In order to improve grinding efficiency, with increasing the role of abrasive per unit time the number (such as high speed grinding, ultra-high speed grinding, belt grinding, etc.), increasing the average basal area of debris (such as a variety of re-grinding) and increasing the average length of wear debris (such as creep feed deep grinding, vertical flat grinding), and many high-efficiency grinding technology, including shortage of heavy-duty grinding, ultra-high speed grinding, abrasive belt grinding and High Efficiency Deep Grinding technology development is particularly eye-catching.

    Third, with micron-level polycrystalline ceramic composed of microcrystalline abrasives used for abrasive belt grinding abrasive polishing of ceramic hollow spheres for superhard materials, diamond abrasive grinding of the spherical shell containing fine abrasive such as the use of a variety of new abrasive ; ultra-precision polishing of polyester film tape, containing abrasive powder Ni Yousi brush wheel, cast-iron bonded abrasive grinding wheels such as the emergence of many new; centimeter-level large-size synthetic diamond manufacturing; abrasive jet machining, abrasive water jet machining , visco-elastic Extrude Hone Abrasive Flow, the overall shape grinding, magnetic grinding, magnetic fluid precision grinding, low-stress grinding, ultra-high speed grinding and low speed grinding grinding large number of new processing technologies such as the emergence and development, etc. is also the world in recent years, the outstanding aspects of the development of grinding technology.

2, transition into the development of the industry to adjust the main theme of

Decline in the current global economy is in a period of economic cycles in different countries both W-type, there are seesaw down, as well as through state regulation of U-type, economic prosperity and decreasing the length of the cycle depends on the world economy, the environment and the authorities the Government’s policy control. In 2009, China’s macro-economic control a magnificent scale, results highlighted. From the current national policy mix boxing perspective, rather biased towards the protection of our society’s construction, which undoubtedly will stimulate manufacturing and construction to pick up, and attached to these two industries can abrasives industry to tide over their difficulties, To this end enterprise may wish to devote more efforts to provide good service to these downstream firms.

   Currently grinding industry’s largest problem is insufficient demand, export frustrated; second block is the lack of innovation and market the product quality varies greatly, you must change the traditional mode of growth, using technological innovation to promote rapid and healthy development of the industry. Abrasive abrasive as metal products, “face” processing tools, has been affecting the entire hardware industry, the development of the nerve, in this global domino-style financial turmoil, the current domestic economy has been faced with upgrading and transformation, and the pattern of adjustment.

In this case, companies step up inner strength, structural adjustment and promote transformation to become abrasive grinding the main theme of the rapid development of the industry. Abrasives, executive vice president of branch-Sheng Chen suggested that we can come out by the state restructuring in the industry, from small factories, shareholding, the formation of large industrial groups, not only in price, quantity, both good control, enterprises are also more powerful the product deep processing.

Abrasives Branch Zhou Jinlong, deputy Secretary-General believes that the specifications are many kinds of abrasive, there is to do ceramic grinding wheel, abrasive cloth and paper, and cutting-edge solar energy materials, such as semiconductors, the company wants to make features of their products, doing fine, highlighting product quality, to achieve the difference in production, which avoided simply to maximize the quantity and price of the low degree of competition.

   3, environmental protection and conservation into a low-carbon industry Keywords

By international economic and financial crisis conditions, all of the traditional industries are facing pressure from two sides of industrial upgrading, that is, emissions and energy consumption. National “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” emphasizes the adjustment of economic structure, changing the “high input, high consumption and high emissions, lack of coordination, difficult cycle, low efficiency” of economic growth mode characterized by efforts to build an economical and environment-friendly and innovative the production of power, the Government’s energy, resources, and waste treatment increased the binding. Production is part of the abrasive type of energy resource consumption, and there is pollution, the state which must be controlled; the other hand, energy, raw materials, capacity, cost of capital, and so reduce the pressure to make corporate profits, will also affect the energy consumption of large, including grinding the industry.

As the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to personally boarded the North Pole’s ice cap melting speed sent to the world faces a catastrophic deterioration of the global environment warning, a new round of international agreements for carbon emissions a big discussion with the “Kyoto Protocol” changes the responsibility to expand the scope and depth are being actively discussed in the international community. Low-carbon economy has become a hot spot and cause for concern.

Judging from recent policy, the country will not face the economic downturn of the economy to reduce the environmental governance and controls, which also highlights the government’s determination to promote the industrial structure adjustment and upgrade. Abrasives industry in order to seek long-term development and national policy support, we must work hard to make energy-saving environmental protection articles, seeking the use of clean energy and clean production technology improvements.

4, marketing, quality and innovation into a business development driving force

Abrasive over 60% of enterprises rely on export-led, in 2009 1-4 months, artificial corundum total export 3 million tons, silicon carbide exported 27,000 tons, down 80% -90%, business operating rate was only 10%, abrasives industry 90% of the stove in a suspended state, greatly affected by financial crisis, some enterprises have even appeared layoffs. Relatively speaking, the abrasive enterprises affected by the financial crisis relatively small, the domestic application of more abrasive, the financial crisis, domestic demand is relatively stable during the period.

Can be seen that decline in profits was mainly abrasive market demand has waned. 3 Grinding of the 2009 1-4 year, gross domestic product fell by about 18% of products are widely used in automotive, electronics, home appliances, tools, in areas such as automotive and electronics applications accounted for 80%. Measures taken to respond to crises in three main aspects: First, to increase their marketing efforts, and second, to improve product quality level and the third is technical innovation, and strive to improve development potential.

5, the price holding stability and to follow the market rules

By the U.S. sub-prime crisis triggered by the global economic tsunami crisis that swept the entire world, Europe and the United States is still the world’s major economies in an economic recession. China’s economy has also been seriously affected, especially the import and export business, to July 2009, China’s exports are still the month fell by 23%. China abrasives industry, in particular the abrasive industry, as exports relatively large proportion of possession, coupled by domestic metallurgical, nonferrous metals industry, the impact of the economic downturn, to the entire industry, surface to form an unprecedented economic crisis, to August 2009, abrasive industry, accounting for the operating rate of the actual production capacity of less than 20%, some difficulties in production and operations. Abrasives industry by stimulating domestic demand, and 4 trillion of China’s investment-led, and the ten industrial revitalization plan of good drivers, business picked up rapidly early in the year is basically industry-wide recovery.

The crisis, some of China’s abrasives business withstood a severe test, development has been maintained in a crisis. China is the world’s abrasive producing and exporting countries, with manpower and resources, advantages, abrasive industry by leaps and bounds, the sharp rise in exports. At the same time, we should also see the entire abrasive industry overcapacity, oversupply and other issues. Competition for foreign customers, competition among domestic enterprises to lower prices, so that the foreign beneficiary of buyers.

Since the beginning of March 2007, due to rising raw materials and domestic electricity and improve abrasive prices are inevitable, relatively large-scale enterprises in the initial stage, and there is no price rise trend, trying to use take advantage of cost advantages. However, in raw materials and electricity prices continue to rise, especially when the Government stepped up environmental protection situation, some manufacturers were forced to stop production.

Large enterprises only some of the inventory that we can only supply customers. The face of foreign customers of the procurement information, insiders even said: “You are to how much money, but now they do not arrive to buy, because there is no cargo.” Therefore, enterprises can only conform to laws of the market one after another price increase.

Domestic prices have also touched the abrasive international buyers interests in the international market, causing no small vibration. Although prices rose again, but the abrasive products in the international market, China still has a certain price advantage, so overseas buyers still consider the abrasive product imports from China. Business linkages with abrasive products found in China’s current size and technological content of products needed to further improve. Fine-grained and high-tech products in the international market, demand is also high.

Subject to environmental protection, electricity, raw materials and other factors, abrasives prices, there are some enterprises seized the opportunity to raise prices, the recent price will not fall. However, with the gradual completion of corporate environmental transformation, some enterprises began to resume production, market prices will remain stable, promoting healthy and orderly development of the entire industry.

3, abrasive abrasive industry development strategy

According to the domestic and international economic forecasting GDP growth of 3.7%, respectively (World Bank 06.05.30 am) and 10% of the major macroeconomic situation, as well as the first half of the state of economic overheating in the second half of the macro-control and then the impact of tight reins, and to consider industry is its own impetus to the development of comprehensive analysis of the industry’s economic growth is expected in 2010 should be maintained at over 10%, abrasive production should break one million tons, abrasive production in 25 million tons, production and sales growth trends are maintained, and efficiency to maintain balanced growth. Abrasive abrasive industry, several major issues of concern are:

(1), the macro-control is necessary to resolutely curb high energy consumption, high pollution and the blind expansion of industries with excess production capacity to effectively focus on the economy, improve the quality and efficiency.

(2), to speed up the transformation of foreign trade growth mode, promote the transformation and upgrading of processing trade to effectively optimize the import and export commodity structure. Should inhibit the industry, especially low-cost abrasive industry-based product exports in the end.

(3), optimizing the export of the same time, pay attention to actively expand domestic demand. China is the world’s largest markets in the world, and the economy in the last three years, more than 10% growth rate. Industry product imports in recent years are 20-20% of the rate of growth for all businesses in this area should be stepped up efforts to develop alternative to imported products.

(4), means of production, prices will continue to persist in efforts to tap the potential savings, to ensure that the annual economic operation quality and efficiency of steady growth.

In addition, the abrasives industry development strategy of information, technology integration, automation, intelligent, green environmental protection, economic efficiency, flexibility, and have their own characteristics, culture, business and products. Is to use engineering point of view, using systems engineering theory, integrating technology, international and national laws and regulations and practice requirements, and management of plant construction, modern information technology, corporate culture construction theory, research abrasives manufacturing enterprises to implement the development projects concepts, methods and means.

In the global trend of economic integration, China’s economy and global economic development is closely related to mutual integration of domestic and foreign markets, Chinese enterprises must ABRASIVES aptly participation in the international division of labor, to meet international standards, international management and national and regional laws and regulations, and different levels of regional economic development and other social-oriented requirements, a clear market positioning, that is, to establish their own service areas and service targets, as the foundation for a certain period of development scale, orientation and characteristics of product technology.

ABRASIVES development of the industry to use the concept of a holistic and integrated, according to the concept of a modern enterprise abrasive grinding to build, demonstrate the corporate culture, enhance the comprehensive competitiveness of enterprises and core competitiveness.

(1), targeting two markets, make full use of resources. International and domestic market demand-oriented, focusing on study of existing markets and potential market demand, not only is committed to explore the international market and give full play to China ABRASIVES enterprises in the international market comparative advantage. Expand the resources of the selected space, it is necessary to make full use of its own resources, good use of foreign resources, optimize the allocation of resources.

Foreign resources could be something useful mainly refers to the advanced management concepts, management experience, product technology and professional personnel and other intellectual resources. Should also be able to meet domestic market demand, laying in the domestic market. Done two markets complement each other and coordinate balanced development.

(2), highlight the sustainable development strategy. This is a strategic product development direction. ABRASIVES business for other industries to provide production and processing tools, all kinds of products, energy consumption, efficiency of a direct impact on the operation of relevant industries and product quality, performance, and that sustainable development has increasingly become a global consensus, abrasives products manufacturer resource utilization and environmental pollution will be to determine the competitiveness of its market, one of the important factors, so abrasives manufacturer with particular emphasis on sustainable development strategies, specifically, is the technical level of the products should be continuously approximation efficient, energy, materials, water conservation and less pollution of the realm of energy-saving emission reduction, green manufacturing and clean production.

(3), adept at using high technology to transform business abrasive abrasive. High-tech transformation of abrasives manufacturer generally is reflected in three aspects: the promotion of equipment, upgrading of products and develop new products; transformation of abrasives produced means of production, improve production efficiency, ensure product quality; to change the enterprise management mode, plugging loopholes in management, improve the response speed of information, reduce costs, as some enterprises have the network technology into business management, people, money, materials, production, supply and marketing departments with each other intermediation.

(4), merit-based support, maintain homes and concentrate on a few pieces to Ban Cheng immediate event. ABRASIVES enterprise content broad enough to abrasive grinding business current economic strength and technological level, which would not launch an attack, go hand in hand, it can focus on a number of areas to choose the first breakthrough. Select key principle should be: 1) the domestic market demand Omo widely and is very important; 2) the development of this industry breakthrough role in promoting the development of related industries or that have a stimulating effect; 3) from abroad difficult, non – Domestic independent research can not be.

(5), promoting China’s ABRASIVES Enterprises large and equal emphasis on the development of SMEs. The 21st century, not only to foster a number of months with the tackling ability, traction, to be among the leading enterprises in the international market, but also a strategic vision and practical policies and measures adopted, and vigorously support the development of SMEs to form Zhongxingpengyue, AC phase Shenghui pattern.

(6), technology upgrading model, to be dominated by the digestion and the introduction of type-based mainly to the introduction of independent innovation. The lack of independent research and development capacity is ABRASIVES low business competitiveness in the market, industrial development of the root causes of the lack of stamina. Since the founding, abrasive grinding companies never get rid of “import substitution digest type” technology update mode, you have to “self-innovation-oriented” paradigm shift.

Not try to change this situation, our abrasives manufacturing enterprises development will be more and more difficult, because: First, import substitution can not be digested type of technology itself is the most advanced, even if we have mastered all the technology, production out abrasives to meet the market demand, but does not have independent intellectual property rights, once the market demand changes, they will have a new round of introduction; second, abrasives technology, faster and faster updates, product life becomes shorter and import substitution type of technology may not have been digesting digestion and absorption, produce products that may not have been put into the market, it has been left behind.

(7), the implementation of export major strategy. Ordinary abrasive grinding capacity is currently the general surplus, in order to find a way out of our products is a more urgent and pragmatic thing. Abrasives products and technology on the price level more appropriate to the needs of developing countries, as long as the abrasives while maintaining the advantages of low cost Chinese-made brand to further improve product quality and diversification of export products and export of regional diversification, export is still great potential.

(8), have a choice, to focus on organizational development of abrasive abrasive. Each period, the establishment of a group involved in a huge demand for the key abrasive abrasive, organization of production, learning and research joint research, for limited objectives, major breakthroughs.

(9), the establishment of abrasive abrasive production of social services support system. Development of relevant laws and regulations, Design and Research Institute to cultivate a professional industry, associations, societies, trade associations, firms and consulting agencies, intermediary organizations, to establish its prestige, to clarify its responsibilities, regulate their operation, to play its data statistics, information gathering, research, technical advice, specification design development, project evaluation, inspection and supervision, and the outcome of the role of propaganda in the abrasives industry to build the periphery of the community-oriented, service industry, to assist the Government’s support service system.

I am a professional writer from China Crafts Suppliers, which contains a great deal of information about single lip cutter grinder , panasonic servo motors, welcome to visit!

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*A review of some of the significant efforts in green tariff marketing: in the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Australia.

*A review of some of the world’s most pioneering green programs and how best practices can help offset current market structure limitations.


Legislation and green awareness have spurred the generation of renewable power, led by EU Member States. Governments play a crucial role in making green energy economically viable, by stimulating the supply side, yet the green B2C market remains very much a marginal part of the power industry and has achieved a fraction of its true potential.

Green tariffs will remain peripheral where suppliers only market them at a premium. Residential customers need reassurances that they are actually buying real green power. Excessively pushing the environmental angle may breed customer cynicism and be counterproductive. Pioneers of green programs have learned to stay clear of these pitfalls.

Green energy is subject to the economic needs of stakeholders and their wider regulatory constraints, yet the growing issue of climate change now provides suppliers with opportunities in selling green energy. For now, utilities can overcome market structure limitations by deploying best practices that centre on price, product and promotion.

Reasons to Purchase

*Determine how utilities can lobby governments and amend their own internal product management operations to sustainably boost green B2C sales.

*Determine what consumers are willing to do to fight climate change, what products and services they are likely to take up and at what additional cost.

*Understand how and why certain providers and countries are fairing much better than others in their efforts to market green energy.

Table of Contents :

Environmental issues are taking centre stage across world energy markets 3
To date, the global market for green energy tariffs has been driven by three main factors 3
Interest in protecting the world’s environment has increased dramatically, presenting new opportunities for B2C green tariffs 4
The emergence of green retail tariffs is a response to the liberalization of electricity and gas markets worldwide 5
The Kyoto Protocol instigated a political movement that drove the uptake of large-scale renewable power worldwide 6
Renewable energy directives worldwide have sparked the adaptation of numerous legal frameworks (1/2) 7
Renewable energy directives worldwide have since sparked the adaptation of numerous legal frameworks (2/2) 8
Legislation and green awareness have spurred the strong uptake of renewable power on the supply side, led by EU Member States 9
Globally, key renewable energy indicators have shown dramatic gains over the past three years – a trend which is likely to continue 10
Consumers will change their habits provided utilities offer them the means and incentives to do so 11
More than half of Europeans feel informed about climate change 11
Europeans deem climate change to be a very serious issue and one of the most serious problems facing the world 12
Climate change is perceived as a serious problem, but one which European citizens are willing to address 13
A significant proportion of Europeans citizens are willing to pay more for green energy 14
Green tariffs linked to the reduction of energy consumption in the home demonstrate great comparative potential 15
Genuine concern about climate change does not always result in remedial actions with tangible green benefits 16
Where electricity prices are much higher than the EU average, citizens are less willing to pay for green energy 17
Europeans citizens believe that the different stakeholders aren’t doing enough to fight climate change 18
Green tariffs could help meet the expectations that citizens have of corporations and industry 19
A review of countries involved in green tariff marketing suggests lessons are to be learned in the US 20
In the US’ partly deregulated electricity market, three types of green power retail offerings coexist 20
Despite the economic downturn, US utilities significantly expanded green power sales at a national level 21
Utility green energy sales in the US continue to make up an increasing part of total retail electricity sales 22
More US consumers are making clean power choices than ever before 23
The success of US green tariffs is attributed to persistent and creative marketing strategies and a falling premium 24
US green power markets will continue growing but state RPS requirements threaten to alter market dynamics 25
In the UK, the disjuncture between green wholesale and green supply is caused by the Renewables Obligation 26
In the UK, the disjuncture between green wholesale and green supply is caused by the Renewables Obligation 26
Of the five types of ‘green’ tariffs offered by suppliers in the UK in 2008, some were much ‘greener’ than others 27
Of the five types of ‘green’ tariffs offered by suppliers in the UK in 2008, some were much ‘greener’ than others 28
In 2008, most ‘green’ energy tariffs suffered from a lack of transparency and clarity. 29
In September 2009, there are less green source and green fund tariffs than at the same time in 2008 30
In the UK, there is still no impartial green tariffs accreditation or audit scheme to substantiate supplier’s claims 30
In Germany, green energy tariffs are actively being promoted as an alternative and way of curbing unpopular nuclear and coal power 31
Green tariffs are mainstream in the Netherlands but incoming EU legislation could unsettle high rates of take-up 32
The success of Australia’s green tariff program hinges on liberalized energy markets and a strong accreditation program 34
Pioneering green retail programs highlight the elements central to any successful green tariff strategy 35
Palo Alto has created one of the most effective and successfully marketed green power programs in the US (1/2) 35
Palo Alto has created one of the most effective and successfully marketed green power programs in the US (2/2) 35
Ecotricity has positioned itself as a semi-green, sustainable, non-premium, small and credible energy company 36
Green Energy UK differentiated itself by only supplying ‘deep green’ or ‘pale green’ electricity 37
Good energy’s has positioned itself as the UK’s greenest and only 100% true ‘deep’ green energy supplier 38
British Gas offers two 100% green tariffs: Future Energy and Zero Carbon, both at a price premium 39
Bounce Energy offer fixed rate for their 100% renewable energy and a modern and rewarding marketing program 40
The deployment of best practices can offset many of the B2C renewable energy market structure limitations 41
Regional, national, and international policies drive the market for green energy, mainly from the supply-side 41
Green energy is subject to the economic needs of stakeholders and their wider regulatory constraints 42
Green energy providers are increasingly scrutinized and held to account by their customers and industry 43
Utilities must create new ‘low hanging fruit’ by driving the adoption of renewable energy, by partnership 43
Beyond government legislation, best practices in green tariff marketing centre on price, product and promotion 45
The successful sale of utility green energy tariffs must focus on five key elements of strategy 45
The burden is on utilities to lobby governments and amend their own internal product management operations 47
Footnotes 48
Graphs of US green pricing program renewable energy sales and US price premium charged for new renewable power – footnotes: 48
Graph of US green pricing program renewable energy sales 48
Graph of US green power sales as a percentage of total retail sales 48
Graph of US customer participation rate 49
Graph of US price premium charged for new renewable power 49
Ask the analyst 50
Datamonitor consulting 50
Disclaimer 50

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Ecommerce trends in the developing nations


The use of Internet is growing at a high speed worldwide. According to interneworldtstats.com the worldwide penetration rates of the Internet is 25.6% in 2009. Developing nations of Africa, Asia and Latin America are also showing high growth rates in Internet usage. Between the year 2000-2009, Africa shows 1,392.4 %, while Asia and Latin America show 545.9% and 890.8% growth rates respectively.

This fast growth rate in Internet usage in the developing countries affects their international trade situation highly. Nations such as India and China are now becoming among the major participants in this global business environment. They increased their competitiveness highly. Other developing nations from Africa and Latin America are also showing advancements too.

As a result of this high growth in Internet usage and penetration in Ecommerce, the above developing nations are showing high progresses and advancements in their economies. Their products and services are now reaching long distances around the world. Other developing nations also have to take lessons from these model nations. If they can give enough attention to the industry and can do the desired tasks, they can see the economic transitions that the above model nations are able to see.

Thus, in order to see those results first of all each and every developing nation needs to know and believe that Ecommerce is now becoming an obligation to compete in the global business environment. Globalization is making our world a small village and highly simplifying business activities. Today entering to the global business network is a very simple task as people from one corner of the world is now reaching people in the opposite corner of the world just from their bedrooms. In addition, individuals, companies and nations as a whole are getting tremendous financial benefits and raising their competitiveness in the global market.

If developing nations want to grow their economies, entering and competing to the international business is mandatory. And doing business electronically (Ecommerce) is now the technology level that today’s business environment reaches. Therefore, these nations need to put the advancement of ICTs and Ecommerce among their priorities. This asks the collaboration of all concerned bodies, professionals, government bodies, law and policy makers, banks and the society as a whole.

More information is available on Ecommerce and Developmental issues @ http://www.ecommerce4solution.com