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Dignitaries Gather to Discuss Renewable Energy Resources for India and the US

In the search for India’s prosperity and energy independence, important figures such as Carlos Gutierrez, US Secretary of Commerce, Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde, Ronen Sen and William S. Cohen among others gathered at the Green India Summit to make the US and India equal partners in sustainable development.
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Details on how climate change can be averted

By now, most people should be aware of climate change and the terrible impact it can have on the world. Everywhere around the world is likely to be affected in some way or another if the current fluctuations in climate continue to happen but some places will be worse off than others. The Polar ice caps are likely to melt and widespread flooding is expected to occur in some areas whilst other areas will experience lengthy droughts. This is likely to hugely impact on the agriculture of so many regions of the world and the overall impact will be devastating for people.

Although the effects of climate change can already be felt, there is still a possibility to greatly reduce the impact these changes will have. Every person can play their part by living in a more environmentally friendly manner but there is also a need to push for bigger change. Governments and major companies hold the key to making the real changes that will reduce climate change and the terrible effects it may have. Consumers have to be ready to lobby for action and change their shopping habits if they want to be able to force businesses and governments to act for the greater good.

Switching to more environmentally friendly sources of energy is a great way for an organisation to reduce the number of CO2 gasses they create each year. Wind, water and solar power are all emerging ways of harnessing energy and switching to these methods will place a lesser strain on the earth’s natural resources.

Not only will switching to these methods bring a benefit to the environment but there should also be an economic saving for the company as well. The rising cost of fuel and gas, partly influenced by the diminishing availability of these commodities, has harmed firms so finding more affordable sources of energy is of great benefit.

There are many ways for people and firms to save money whilst saving the earth and this is an area where climate change can really be impacted upon. Switching to environmentally friendly light bulbs can make a saving for the normal household so you can imagine how much money it will save a company. This is where firms have to be proactive in switching to more environmentally friendly methods as it will benefit them, their shareholders and the earth. If everybody does their bit, the threat of climate change can be averted and the earth can be saved for future generations.

If you are looking for climate change facts then you can go online where everything you need including how to better your environmental awareness is there.

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Europe can lead the way with “Green’ Shale Gas development to make Shale Gas production a reality

green economics
by AberCJ

Green Shale Gas – Time for a reality check and decision making

Ecological sustainable energy exploitations come at a certain price. Do we know this price, and is EU willing to pay for it?

The oil and gas industry faces challenges when it comes to environmental concerns with respect to Shale Gas exploitation. This has been seen in the US, as public raise their voices and demand answers from the industry about the environmental impact of their production methodologies demanding millions of litres of water mixed with chemical additives.

Getting the public and legislators buy in will require efforts, not only on the information side, but also on how exploitation is done now and how it can look like in the future.

A GREEN exploitation of Shale Gas has to be addressed, and its cost has to be visualized, not only in money, but also in policies and research efforts.

This article will discuss this issue in more detail and also go in more depth on what could be done.

EU policy makers and their opinion

EU is pulled in all directions in the energy issue, mainly due to s a surging energy demand from its population and industries. The energy need surpasses the EU energy production within EU, also if including its associated economic member state, Norway.

The need for energy import is large, and the main exporter to EU is Russia. Many of the former Soviet states, now implemented into EU have more than 70% of their energy import from Russia, overall EU rely on 40% of its energy import from Russia.

The urban character of Europe creates a challenge for the oil and gas industry, as it creates constraints for its activities.

EU also looks into the renewable energy sector to see if any efforts in this sector could leverage the pressure on the energy balance of Europe.

Neither excludes the other, unconventional oil and gas resources together with the conventional oil and gas resources will have to work in conjunction with renewable resources to fulfil Europe’s need for energy.

EU’s Second Strategic Energy Review from 2008 stated; quote

“[…] high oil prices and the security premium to be placed on indigenous resources increase the interest of extracting indigenous oil and gas reserves, including unconventional reserves, insofar as this can be achieved in a sustainable manner.”

The European Union Council stated in January 2010 that the energy security and energy efficiency package presented by the Commission on November 13 2008, in particular the Communication entitled “An EU Energy Security and Solidarity Action Plan”; they therefore concluded at a extraordinary TTE (Energy) Council on January 2009 and elaborated on the conclusions of the October European Council on energy security.

There is a commitment to the goals on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, on the share of renewable sources of energy and on energy efficiency as agreed by the European Council in March 2007 and the agreement reached in December 2008 on the climate and energy package.
There is a need for Europe to act together to deliver sustainable, secure and competitive energy.
The fact that there has to be solidarity between Member States that has to be strengthened and balanced with Member States’ responsibility over their energy security, fully respecting Member States’ choice of energy mix and sovereignty over energy sources.
The need for an efficient liberalized and well connected internal energy market together with a stable and transparent legal and regulatory framework as a prerequisite for an effective energy policy at Member States and EU level.

The need for an early implementation of measures and commitments related to the internal market, energy efficiency and renewable energy that also contribute to energy security.

Despite the Strategic Energy Review and EU council support and elaboration around it, it is the fact that EU struggle to enforce its common Energy policy initiative to its member states.

What these initiatives and comments from EU address, is the need to create energy production in a sustainable manner. Embedded in this statement one can read that the energy production should be provided in an environmental secure manner, although it was not stated directly in the review.

 

Energy Strategy for Europe 2011-2020

The public consultation performed in 2010 by the EU commission to get input to its strategy document stated ” Towards a new Energy Strategy for Europe 2011-2010″ has created the process of aligning each member state energy policy with EU energy policy. This process is a long staking process, and it will take time for EU to get there, but it has to.

Priority areas for future strategy

Towards a low-carbon energy system

Modern integrated grids

Bringing the benefits of EU energy markets to businesses and citizens

Strong & coordinated external energy policy

Leadership in technological Innovation

Green exploitation of Shale Gas is it an alternative or just utopia?

Pressure is put on the operators and service industry that operate in Europe to look into the green aspect of their operations and include this into their planning, costs and innovation initiatives. Will the operators do so, and in that case, are they willing to take the cost associated with this?

You can also put it in another way, maybe a “green” Shale Gas exploitation can be more cost efficient than the present form of Shale Gas exploitation?

 

In another article by the author it was discussed in more detail about the 7 major challenges believed to face EU and need to be addressed in order to make Shale Gas Exploitation a success in Europe.

http://www.articlesbase.com/business-opportunities-articles/successful-exploitation-of-shale-gas-in-europe-depends-on-solving-key-challenges-3428312.html

The 7 challenges European legislators and oil and gas industry is confronted with, the author called the PEG TEES.

In this article the author will address the first E in PEG TEES, which stands for “Environmental Concerns” with Shale Gas exploitation.

 

You can also see the author’s Ukrainian Speaker Tour presentation on the same subject at;

http://bh.linkedin.com/in/stigarne under slide share presentations.

 

Can the European oil and gas activities deliver a “green” Shale Gas exploration and production environment in order to win support amongst public and EU legislators, and make Shale Gas industry competitive in the EU zone?
At the same time, is EU willing to pay the extra cost it will take to achieve this?

EU community as a whole may have to accept that their energy cost is going to be higher than in other trade parties, like China, Latin America and so on, due to its more strict environmental enforcement.

Both these questions above are hanging a bit in the air at the moment, as the Shale Gas exploitation is mostly driven by the industry need to secure acreage at the moment, in order to perform more detailed analysis of its potential.

EU will face competition from other continents when it comes to attract oil and gas industry focus on Shale Gas exploitation, and the industry will focus its effort where there is possible to make profit and provide stability and security for their projects.

The growing energy demand in EU might speed up the efforts to get Shale Gas into energy production within European continent, but this is not something EU alone cope with, China is amongst one of the countries seeking high and low on how to secure their surging energy needs, which today is the highest in the world.

EU needs to take a stand to at what cost it is willing to take to ensure its energy security needs and not be import dependent as it is today. Diversification and innovation within this area is needed, and it comes at a certain price tag.

EU needs to calculate this price tag at several levels, both the direct cost pr energy unit, but also the cost to develop its infrastructure, legislation and to perform energy reforms within the union.

 

So what is required from the industry side then?

The European based oil and gas industry needs to focus on one of the more hazardous elements for environment of Shale Gas exploration and production, water management.

Every level of the Water Management in the Shale Gas Exploration and Production need to be addressed. This since the Water Management has up till now been seen as the foremost environmental concern seen from a sweet water pollution and availability perspective. Not to say this is the only environmental concern with Shale Gas, but maybe the most important as it can be the most prominent one apart from footprint created and left by exploration and production of Shale Gas. Shale Gas exploration will require substantial infrastructure and make a substantial presence and acreage need in its surroundings during production. At least this has been the case up till now.

 


 

The rapid growth of shale gas production in recent years has resulted in the emergence of pressing environmental and water management challenges. Some countries in Europe see shale Gas as one of the key energy source of the future, Poland is one of the front runners in this respect. However, it is still years to come before we know of its potential and eventually will see some commercial production from Shale Gas.

It is imperative for operators to overcome legislative and operational challenges with respect to water sourcing, storage, transport, treatment and disposal that could be major challenges for its progress and commercial entry into the European market.

Sourcing and ecologically disposing of large quantities of water used in the hydraulic fracturing process is at the forefront of these challenges and these issues are raising increasing concern from stakeholders at every level, including operators, regulators and the public.

It is therefore a need for addressing water management issues at every stage in the exploration, production and completions process of Shale Gas activities in order to create acceptance amongst public and authorities together with the operators to progress and increase the market position of shale gas production. Issues to address are therefore;

water management process to be ecological sustainable at the same time as it can be cost effectively integrated to enable efficient production.
ensure optimal decision-making process for best practice water usage and treatment in form of accurate chemical composition of water required for hydraulic fracturing and at the same time to become ecologically acceptable.
use of cutting edge and emerging technologies is critical to determine cost effective solutions for water treatment, re-cycling and disposal.
regulatory and legislative challenges with respect to disposal, storage and transport of water has to be thoroughly examined on a region basis and environmental sustainable and cost-effective solutions should be provided.
establish a network to discuss and exchange ideas for the most pressing issues in this part of the European oil and gas industry.

Water sourcing, disposal, treatment and re-cycling has to be targeted from four perspectives to provide maximum industry impact:

strategic,
technological,
regulatory
learning.

Based on these four perspectives key issues in the market will have to be addressed to provide  solutions that can be implemented directly to business operations to reach maximum efficiency and at the same time be ecological sustainable.

The industry need to address the key challenges of water management as well as critical spin-off issues such as air emission mitigation and spill avoidance and contingency in order to provide legislators the information needed to create public support and support the Strategic Energy review of EU.

 

Summary

Both parties need to ensure that there is a European association that will have its mission to

“To facilitate the factual and collaborative exchange of unconventional gas knowledge and challenges among government, regulators, industry and public stakeholders for the exploration and production of the resource in an environmentally sensitive and economical manner.”

 

The author

Stig-Arne Kristoffersen, is educated as a Civil Engineer and Geoscientist. He has a long and broad international oil and gas industry background, with more than 25 years of experience within oil and gas exploration and production.

www.ec-ba.com

www.lulu.com/stig

 

 

Stig-Arne Kristoffersen has a background as civil engineer and geoscientist. He has worked mainly within the oil and gas industry from the mid 1980s. He has written a few fictional novels as well as being the author of some professional litterature within oil and gas sector, he act as a writer to various web sites.

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Help Solve Global Warming: Non-Profit Offers Public Free Personal Carbon Impact Calculator

Help Solve Global Warming: Non-Profit Offers Public Free Personal Carbon Impact Calculator











Albuquerque, NM (PRWEB) June 29, 2007

“A solution to global warming is right under our feet and we can make it personal,” says Peter Holter, COO of Holistic Management International (HMI). ). The non-profit uses natural methods to restore land, improve soil health, reverse desertification, and improve biodiversity – which greatly increase the soil’s ability to remove carbon from the atmosphere and store it as organic matter. 30 million acres worldwide are currently being managed holistically.

“Because we know that carbon sequestration makes a positive impact on global climate change, we want to help people who are looking for realistic ways they can to combat global warming,” Holter adds. “So we’re offering them a simple, convenient tool that they can easily use in their own homes and offices.”

The tool is a free Personal Carbon Impact Calculator, a 9″ x 4″ card that helps people determine and offset their ecological effects on the planet. The card carries a simple chart that translates individual impacts on global warming into dollars and cents, using the same principle that the Climate Exchange industry uses in paying carbon credits to farmers.

“Reviewing the chart, people can calculate their personal carbon impacts, and then decide whether or not to use the dollar value of their impacts to support alternative energy projects.” Holter says.

People interested in obtaining the free Personal Carbon Impact Calculator card may call HMI at (505) 842-5252 or visit the website, http://www.holisticmanagement.org.

Holter suggests six other actions people can take to combat global warming:

1. Vote with your dollars. Invest in products and companies that conserve resources (energy efficient appliances, on-demand water heaters, photovoltaics, etc.).

2. Support low-tech solutions for removing carbon from the air and high-tech solutions for keeping new carbon out.

3. Buy locally grown, organic produce and grass-fed meat and dairy, whose producers avoid using chemicals that hurt land, animals and humans.

4. Increase your ecological literacy. Learn how we can develop symbiotic relationships with Nature so all may thrive.

5. Learn additional ways to reduce your ecological footprint at http://www.ecologicalfootprint.org

6. Support HMI’s efforts to educate others about using animals to improve land health and sequester carbon.

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India and China – David M Malone at ANU, 20 April 2010

India and China: Can two tigers share a mountain? Lecture at The Australian National University by David M Malone, 20 April 2010. To outsiders, India and China show some striking similarities. Both are ancient civilizations reincarnated as modern republics in the mid twentieth century, and are now rising powers. Both have nuclear weapons, burgeoning economies, expanding military budgets and large reservoirs of manpower, and seem to be vying for influence in the Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf, Africa, Central Asia and East Asia. Yet little attention is paid to the relationships between them. (From India and China: Conflict and Cooperation by David M Malone and Rohan Mukherjee, Survival, 2010) David M Malone is the President of the Canadian International Development Research Centre. Mr. Malone served as Canadas High Commissioner to India and non-resident Ambassador to Bhutan and Nepal. Other positions he has held include: Assistant Deputy Minister (Global Issues) in Canadas Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade; President, International Peace Academy, New York; and as a Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations in New York. Mr. Malone has published extensively on peace and security issues. He has taught at Columbia University and the University of Toronto. He currently serves as Adjunct Professor at the New York University School of Law and is a Senior Fellow of Massey College in the University of Toronto. His most recent book is The Law and Practice of the
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Bali – the UN Conference and its Impact on International Climate Change Policy – Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming – 2007-12-19 – Chairman Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) of the Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming held a hearing on the post Bali, Indonesia international climate negotiations. Chairman Markey and other members of the Select Committee hosted climate experts returning from Bali to discuss the outcome of the climate conference and an effective path forward on global warming for the United States and the international community. WITNESS LIST: * Ms. Christiana Figueres, Official Negotiator, UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, Costa Rica; * Mr. Philip Clapp, Deputy Managing Director, Pew Environment Group; * Mr. Alden Meyer, Director of Strategy and Policy, Union of Concerned Scientists; * Mr. Ned Helme, President, Center for Clean Air Policy; * Mr. Myron Ebell, Director, Energy and Global Warming Policy, Competitive Enterprise Institute. Video provided by the US House of Representatives.

Flight News On Fleet Avionics 2010 Review And The Latest Developments In The Avionics Marketplace

In the October 2010 air news there are reports on aircraft avionics which have been modified to meet the turbulent changes in the business environment.

Despite the financial turbulence of the last couple of years, the avionic manufacturing sector has shown remarkable resilience and seems to be introducing new products at an ever-increasing rate, across both civil and military sectors.

Integration continues to be the key to greater functionality .During this year Airbus has been working on integrating the traffic-collision avoidance system into the autopilot /flight director cockpit displays and systems. This provides an optimum avoidance manoeure in case of conflicting air traffic. It is an automatic manoeure if the autopilot is engaged or FD orders are displayed if the autopilot is not engaged.

Avionics are also going increasingly “green” with developments such as that by Rockwell Collins which, as member of a consortium of industry partners, led by the Swedish Air Navigation Service Provider ‘Lufyfartsverket'(LFV) ,has been awarded a role in the AIRE (Atlantic-interoperability initiative to reduce emissions) ” Green Connections” project. The consortium includes partners LFV, Swedavia, Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS), GE-Aviation and Rockwell Collins.

Rockwell Collins will provide connectivity services to allow exchange of flight management system (FMS) –generated trajectory and time information between the participating aircraft movements and the ground-based metering functions. Rockwell Collins’ Hermes functionality at the SAS data link centre in Copenhagen will perform all data transactions between the aircraft, the SAS ground data link functions and the LFV air traffic control centre.

In addition, Rockwell Collins will be responsible for analyzing the effects of winds aloft, air traffic control (ATC) constraints, revisions in the trajectory, cost index and other factors on movement trajectory and time. The results will be used to define the communication precision between the aircraft and the ground for real-time movement coordination.

The project will demonstrate technology and processes required to perform time-based “gate to gate” operations. When successful, the technique will reduce fuel use and generate a corresponding noise and gaseous emissions reduction by minimizing path stretching and holding in today’s operating environment.

AIRE Green Connection is a 10-month trial, using revenue flight operations between the airports of Stockholm (Arlanda) and Gothenburg (Landvetter).

Performance Requirements

Earlier this year, the US Federal Aviation Administration announced the performance requirements for aircraft tracking equipment that will be required under the Next Generation Air Transportation System, or NextGen. The avionics will allow aircraft to be controlled and monitored with greater precision and accuracy by Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B).

The final rule, developed with extensive input from the aviation community, requires aircraft flying in certain airspace to broadcast their position via ADS-B by 2020.It has proved somewhat contentious, particularly by general aviation concerning costs and possible backup.

Much of the discussion inevitably raises the question of LORAN, which authority would suggest is redundant and obsolete. Not so, say some voices. What is needed for a GPS backup is E-LORAN (enhanced), which uses the LORAN-C infrastructure. A complete E-LORAN System in the US is said to cost less than one GPS satellite. It is suggested that E-LORAN can be fully integrated into a GPS receiver for redundancy.

Protagonists claim that GPS is a high frequency, very low power, easily jammed signal. In contrast, LORAN is a low frequency, very high power signal, that is hard to jam and covers the entire US and a great deal of the world. Significantly, Europe seems determined to retain a LORAN capability.

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Despite the current grumbling, the manufacturers roll resolutely on. Honeywell’s Next Generation Flight Management System (NGFMS) has been undergoing test flights on the Gulfstream G650 and was part of the first flight on the Boeing 747-8.

The NGFMS, which will be certificated on the Boeing 747-8, enables required navigation performance (RNP) 0.1, and allows operators to comply with the NextGen air traffic management (ATM) and the single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) program me. It also supports wide area augmentation system-localizer performance with vertical guidance (WAAS-LPV), Future Air Navigation System 1 (FANS-1) and FANS-2 requirements.

It provides enhanced flight planning, navigation and guidance and aircraft performance capabilities to the aircraft as well as a large navigational database that meets future growth requirements.

In addition to being s available on new Boeing 747-8 and Gulfstream G650 aircraft, Honeywells NGMS will be offered for retrofit on Boeing 747-400 aircraft.

Cabin Enhancement

Cabin enhancement continues unabated. Last March Dassault Falcon delivered the first Falcon business jet with Honeywell’s new MCS 7120 Swift Broadband Communications Gateway(see photo below).This provides a  fully integrated wired  and wireless cabin communication system and high-speed global connectivity via the Inmarsat 14 satellite network.

The aircraft was the first business jet in the industry capable of providing fully managed, end-to-end, voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) telephony services over the Swift Broadband network. Managed VOIP services deliver significantly higher quality audio performance because of dedicated bandwidth to each call, assuring excellent audio fidelity. The system is available on all current production Falcon aircraft as an option.

EMS Aviation has completed installation of an advanced, managed VOIP service with a Middle Eastern Head of State Airbus A320 aircraft. EMS teamed with paris-based Eclipse, an Inmarsat service provider and avionics dealer, to implement this secure end-to-end voice solution, which is the first of its kind on an A320 aircraft.

Rockwell Collins and Bombardier Aerospace have now release “V7” cabin electronics system (CES) software for operators of Bombardiers Global 5000 and Global Express XRS business aircraft. The software, which Rockwell Collins co-developed with Teague, features a new graphical user interface with improved intuitiveveness and ease of use.

The interface includes an internationally recognized icon-based menu that is less dependent on language, electing advances in modern user interface design. Rockwell Collins and Bombardier will begin rolling out V7 CES and retrofitting in-service aircraft later this year.

Thales is well established in the in-flight entertainment (IFE) and connectivity systems market, currently exercising major contracts with British Airways, Air France and Qatar for installations in the A380 and Boeing 787.It has now finalized an agreement with CSC and proximetry Inc to deliver a new service dedicated to high-performance wireless ground connectivity for airlines and airport authorities.

Called Gatesync, the solution enables airlines to wirelessly load and offload content and data while the aircraft is on the ground. With Gatesync, airlines will have fast, secure wireless transmission capability that optimizes ground operations. Any time, any airport, Gatesync moves time sensitive data, such as the passenger manifest, daily news, meal inventories, surveys, crew logs and system performance data, giving airlines new efficiencies and capabilities.

At the core of the technology is proximetrys Airsync/GS wireless management software, while the ground-based infra-structure relies on CSCs existing private backbone network for the deployment and management of data at airports around the world. Onboard the aircraft, Thales provides Gatesync components and integrates data to the Top Series-in-flight entertainment system.

To date,Gatesync has been field tested at three major airports and verified by a major equipment manufacturer and several airlines and is now ready for broader deployment.

Amid all this new technology it is nice to note that some manufacturers are still concerned about “older” cabins. Flight Display systems has introduced an upgrade kit for Air show 100, Airshow 200, and Air show 400 owners. The upgrade gives passengers the new flight display moving map with worldwide satellite imagery, state-of-the-art hardware and a new two –year warranty. It is a direct pin-for-pin replacement of the Air show units.

There is no rewiring necessary and no aircraft down time.

Similarly, Honeywell has introduced Jet Map 111, a new moving map upgrade featuring worldwide three-dimensional perspective views of terrain, ocean topography, enhanced graphics and polar ice views. Originally designed for the Honeywell Oviation C-series cabin management system, JetMap 111 can be easily adapted into non-Honeywell systems.

Current Jet Map 11 users can upgrade to JetMap 111 through the simple replacement of the removable compact flash memory card. The first installation of Jet Map 111 was completed last August on Honeywell’s Falcon 900.

Older Flight Decks

The older flight deck is well catered for by Universal Avionics, which has developed an updated flight deck for a fleet of BAe Advanced Turbo Prop (ATP) freighter aircraft. Cargo airline, West Atlantic ,has upgraded its fleet  of ATPF aircraft with a five-panel suite of Universal Avionics’ EFI-890R electronic flight instrumentation system ,UNS-1L flight management system ,terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) and vision-1 synthetic vision system.

The EFI-890R LCD flat panel system allows the display of critical primary flight data, engine indication, weather radar and navigation data from several onboard instruments in a large, centralized, high-resolution digital format. The ATP upgrade also includes the AMETEK engine interface unit and new turbulence-capable weather radar.

The system is fully integrated with existing AFCS and replaces all electromechanical engine displays with engine displays on new EFIS. The updated system also incorporates FMS non-precision approach capability with planned growth for RNP and a satellite-based augmentation system (SBAS).

More recently, Universal Avionics announced that its EFI-890R flat panel display systems had been selected by Field Aviation of Canada to fulfill the flight deck component of its Dash 8 (Q-Series) modernization programme.The program me will feature a five-panel EFI-890R display suite including primary flight, navigation and engine displays, dual Vision-1 synthetic vision, radio control units and WAAS/SBAS flight management systems.

The new flight deck will be available to operators of non-EFIS and EFIS Dash 8/Q-Series 100,200 and 300 aircraft. By reducing the number of line replaceable units onboard the aircraft, the Dash 8 modernization program me benefits operators by significantly reducing maintenance and repair costs while improving reliability.

Anthony Juma is the Editor and Senior Aviation Director at Wings Over Africa Aviation. 
This is an Air Charter Company that specializes on Flight News On Fleet  2010 Avionics Review And The Latest Developments In The Avionics Marketplace. The website has guided thousands of travelers to achieve their dream holiday. For more information and guidance, visit the site at http:// www.wingsoverafrica-aviation.com/index.php/our-fleet.html

 

 

 

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COP15 Talks Fail on Poor Global Leadership: EUX.TV Analysis

A weak agreement. A failure. A deception. A farce. The United Nations climate conference in Copenhagen has not become the turning point in history that many people on earth were hoping for. Despite the urgency of global warming, the worlds political leadership did not manage to step beyond its own shadows. In the end, national economic and political interests weighed more heavily than the general global interests. Our global environment, particularly in developing countries, now is the main victim. Financing innovation in green technology will remain difficult. The only issue agreed on is the need to keep global warming limited to a rise of 2 degrees celsius. Still undecided is the how and when that is to happen. Copenhagen did not only lack political will, but it also lacked organizational skills. Thats disappointing and embarrassing, certainly given the enormity of what was at stake: reducing global warming so that planet earth remains a place to live for future generations. There is broad agreement on this goal. Yet translating this into political action at this stage, despite two years of preparations among the 192 members of the United Nations, proved impossible. At a time when true global leadership, discipline and guidance were needed, the Danish government, as organizers, and the United Nations were unable to deliver an efficient infrastructure, contributing to a chaotic process that was dogged by procedural games The European Union, a self-proclaimed global

www.weforum.org 01.09.2010 Andrew Schiermeier, CEO, Medicine in Need (MEND) andWorld Economic Forum Technology Pioneer 2011 answers the questions 1) Briefly, what it is about your company/project that makes it so special? 2) What country best facilitates starting a tech company? 3) What makes an innovator? 4) How does your company contribute to improving the state of the world?

An Economical iPhone Application Developer For Employ at a Reputed Organization

The ideal portion about these apps is that they do not consider a ton of time to be made, and even if they are put on the retail store for no cost, they continue to acquire a ton of interested persons who may possibly go forward and make a buy from the very same firm.

 

The rise of the iPhone apps has indeed been impressive and its success can be attributed to the simple fact that the iPhone is an astounding piece of technology that may make it pleasurable for end users to do what they love to do the most using their phones. It is correct that most of the effective iPhone apps are simply games, but they make a stage that this is a platform that are not able to be neglected, and is convinced to build waves for a handful of a lot more decades.

 

The iPhone is an innovative system. Its hardware and software program the two give it distinctive functionalities. It can act as a computing platform for your company if utilized accurately. With the iPhone you can get personalized solutions irrespective to your location. Its solutions are fast in compared to other platforms. There is stiff competitiveness for iPhone software enhancement. To stand up in this surroundings you have to search an economical iPhone application developer.

 

For affordable iPhone application development you have to seem at the developing nations. Building countries have outsourcing companies which employ this kind of iPhone app developers in bulk! They have plenty of experienced iPhone software developers because technical education is much less expensive than designed globe. They offer you many packages for hiring so you can decide on whichever suit to your spending budget.

 

They have no concealed fees and employing schemes are versatile so you can help save your dollars with them. They have hourly scheme so you can hire a developer on hourly foundation with no minimum hours expected. If you have a huge task and want to retain an iPhone apps developer you can hire them on daily, weekly or month-to-month basis.

 

It would be excellent if your developer have prior practical knowledge of creating equivalent application to your tips. To assure it you have to appear at the portfolio of your iPhone app development if he or she has accomplished any very similar do the job to your strategies. Obtain iPhone app growth resolution with very good portfolio indicates you won fifty percent of the battle to effectively comprehensive your job.

 

Communication is an significant factor. You have to maintain in touch with your iPhone app developer. Outsourcing firms supply all mode of communication with their clienteles, you can contact through global calling system, VOIP, stay chats, and many others. best and simple approaches are fast messengers and emails. You can use any quick messenger like Skype, Gtalk, and so on. to call your iPhone app developer.

 

Timeline is yet another crucial variable that you really should take into consideration even though deciding on an iPhone application developer for you. Your developer must give you a practical timeline so you can complete your project and put it into the market place as early as attainable so you can get excellent return more than your investment. For iPhone apps development you have to contemplate time taken for the approval in Apple save.

 

In case you employ much more than one particular developer then want a staff leader amongst them. Group leader will serve as solitary get in touch with stage for you. Overall, iPhone app advancement can assistance several diverse organizations generate further purchasers and retain them more time, which is normally beneficial in today’s aggressive marketing environments.

 

Locate more about this iphone app creator

 

Find out additional about this new iphone app creator

 

I am Carmelo Robbins, a schoolboy, 14, who styles iPhone app video sport that has been downloaded TWO MILLION instances. Bubble Ball is the title of the sport. If 8 grader can do it – SO CAN YOU! Making use of the most recent iphone app creator. How to Hire Qualified iPhone Developer for iPhone Software Development,

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Doesn’t how we relate to our ecology determine the vitality of our economy?

Question by ????? ??????? zeitgeist pirate™: Doesn’t how we relate to our ecology determine the vitality of our economy?
If we had a sustainable and viable relationship with our ecology instead of a superficial unsustainable one reliant upon non-renewable resources, wouldn’t our population be better moderated because our resources would inevitably be distributed in a manner that wouldn’t enable population increases that are reliant upon resources which are both limited and unsustainable?

Any time an excess of resources is introduced to any population in nature it causes a population increase, which explains why the human population exponentially grew after the Agricultural Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution allowed for further population increases due to practices such as mechanized agriculture. The adaptation of ‘developing’ countries’ economies into economies that are internationally competitive influenced those populations to increase as well because agriculture changed from self-sustainment to surplus-oriented mono-crops; having more children became an economic benefit to them because children are a source of labor to them.

In arguing this I am advocating more indigenous lifestyles in which people have a more immanent and engaged relationship with their immediate local ecologies which, I believe, would create more favorable political and economic relationships worldwide. I think it would imply self-sufficiency and having immanent, viable, and engaged relationships with the people immediately around us instead of being so globally interdependent upon each other for trade, labor, and resources.

I think our ecology is essentially our economy, and that our political actions are directed by our economies which are determined by our ecologies. If you dislike the political climate, shouldn’t you consider that the source of political power lies in how a society relates to its actual environment? Is this a valid way to understand our ecological, economic, and political paradigms?

Best answer:

Answer by solstice_baby
It’s not only essential, it’s critical.

I think the fundamental issue here is actually the deep disconnect between most humans and Nature. They’ve forgotten that they’re mammals; that the stuff of their bodies is exactly the stuff of the Earth, and they will live and die with this planet.

If they’re in basic denial about THAT, how can they ever consider that they are just one more species (and possibly a failed one!) produced by, and living off of, this planet?

Know better? Leave your own answer in the comments!

Interesting Environmental careers

The environment is very high on the agenda at the moment, and most organisations are starting to pay attention to the impact they are having.  This means that environment specialists are in high demand and many companies are seeking advice on how to run their business ethically.

 

The mix of jobs available means that you can take one of your existing skills and apply it to an environmental issue.  For example, if you are an engineer then you could help to design complex and effective waste management schemes.  Take a look at a small selection of some of the interesting environmental careers available.

 

EcoTourism

This is a fairly new and emerging approach to tourism which aims to reduce it’s impact on the environment.  It encourages people to travel in a responsible way which allows the environment to be conserved.  Part of the aim of ecotourism is to educate people about how the tourism industry is damaging the environment.  People need to know that if we all make small changes then it can make a big difference.

Environmental journalism

Do you have a passion for writing and journalism?  You may feel that some of the topics you have had to write about seem unimportant or even uninteresting.  Working in an environmental journalism job will enable you to develop your writing skills and give you the power to educate people about the environment.

 

Environmental journalism is basically the distribution of information and research about the environment.  Anyone wishing to work in this role must always be up to date with recent developments in the industry and be hungry for a story that will help to change people’s attitudes.

 

Environmental risk

We are faced with a series of environmental risks on a daily basis and there is usually a procedure in place to prevent accidents.  Environmental risks can cause adverse effects to humans and the environment.

 

Environmental risk specialists asses the likelihood of an environmental accident occurring and put steps in place to prevent anything happening.  These risks are usually caused by an irresponsible organisation and environmental risk specialists must perform safety audits on a range of different companies.

 

 

 

If you are interested in engineering and Environmental Careers then type Jobs in Civil Engineering UK into a search engine and you will find exactly what you are looking for.

 

 

Article from articlesbase.com

This wee environmental impact of or the effect climate change can have on alcohol. This week ENVIRONMENT is in Alsace where wine is turning biodynamic. www.france24.com
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