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Eco-Companies Partner To Provide Green Honeymoon And Service Trips For Couples

New Haven, CT – The Green Bride Guide launched a new partnership this week with Elevate Destinations to offer couples a wide range of eco-friendly and philanthropic honeymoon trips.

According to The Wedding Report, couples planning “Eco Weddings” are 20% more likely to have a destination wedding than the average bride and groom, and approximately 60% of honeymooners will travel to a foreign country.

“Many couples are not aware of the impact traditional tourism has on local communities and the environment,” said Kate L. Harrison, author of The Green Bride Guide and founder of the leading green wedding website www.greenbrideguide.com . “With most packaged trips, 80% of the revenue goes to airlines, hotels, and international companies, but through Elevate Destination we are able to offer couples amazing alternatives.”

The International Ecotourism Society (TIES) defines ecotourism as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people.” Elevate Destinations is a leading responsible travel company offering custom designed trips that provide couples with the opportunity to better understand the environmental, socio-cultural and economic needs of the countries they visit.

“Everything was taken care of, from someone meeting us at the airports, to outings which showcased the natural wonders of the Seychelles, to wonderful hotels. Throughout the trip, logistics and activities were arranged that made it apparent that our commitment to being green was being met,” said Tina and Kulbir Walha who went to the Seychelles on their green honeymoon.

When it comes to honeymoons, being a green does not mean giving up luxury or comfort. “One of the things we are trying to show on the Green Bride Guide site is that couples do not have to sacrifice style or comfort to be eco-friendly,” said Harrison.

“Our green honeymoons are romantic and luxurious,” said Dominique Callimanopilos, founder and president of Elevate Destinations. “We never compromise on aesthetics, amenities, service or security and every trip gives back to people and the planet.”

-Every trip is carbon offset, to neutralize the impact of travel on the earth

-5% of the net cost of every trip is donated to NGOs working on conservation and community development projects in the destination country

-Couples stay at eco-hotels and lodges that also give back to the community

In addition, couples can choose to add one or more days of community service to their adventures. Ambitious couples can plan full service trips, where they can teach English, volunteer at an orphanage, or assist with species preservation.

Billy and Kristin Byrnes, who traveled to Belize in December 2009, chose to do service with a conservation organization: “We wanted to have an eco-friendly honeymoon in which we could do some volunteer work. We tried unsuccessfully, on our own, to find destinations in the Caribbean that could accommodate our two priorities: eco-friendly and volunteer opportunities. Thank goodness we came across Elevate Destinations! They were able to fulfill both of our top priorities, in addition to planning a fabulous honeymoon for us.”

According to Callimanopulos, many couples who take service trips stay connected with the people and projects they work with and continue to support their efforts to make the world a better place long after the honeymoon is over.

The Green Bride Guide is offering every couple who books an eco-friendly honeymoon this year a free couple’s massage on their trip. Couples just need to mention the Green Bride Guide promotion when they book the trip.

About the Green Bride Guide

The Green Bride Guide, founded by Kate L. Harrison, is the most comprehensive and credible resource for engaged couples seeking eco-friendly wedding ideas, products and services. The site is a companion to Harrison’s book, The Green Bride Guide: How to Plan an Earth Friendly Wedding on Any Budget and offers pictures and stories from real green weddings, decor ideas, educational resources, approved green vendor directory, planning tools, and advice from industry experts. Kate L. Harrison has a background in environmental law and conservation. She recently developed the country’s first Green Wedding Professional Certification Course.

About Elevate Destinations

Founded by Dominique Callimanopulos in 2005, Elevate Destinations is a leading sustainable travel company that caters to luxury-oriented travelers seeking once-in-a-lifetime adventures to exotic destinations where they have an opportunity to better understand the environmental, socio-cultural and economic needs of the places they visit. The company also organizes donor trips for non-profit organizations.



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Why is the incidence of Colon Cancer higher in wealthy nations than in developing nations?

Question by Ghfgh G: Why is the incidence of Colon Cancer higher in wealthy nations than in developing nations?
I need some help answering the following question. Any help would be greatly appreciated:

1. What conclusion might you draw from the fact that in wealthy nations the incidence of colon cancer is higher than in developing nations? Justify your answer.


Best answer:

Answer by Lakewood C
Individuals in wealthy nations tend to consume richer food and more processed food — and less fibre.

Add your own answer in the comments!

Maintain Ecological Balance By Recycle Mobile Phones

Along with the growth in mobile technology, every other day there are various companies that are launching features enriched cell phones. Apart from making the best purpose of making and receiving call, the handsets are packed with additional portable features such as cameras, music players, radio, games and many more. It is quite obvious for human kind to get bore with same handset using for long time. They need to upgrade their old mobile phones with new ones that consists some additional features and better look. The most important reason for recycling a mobile phones is to do a bit for the environment and stop so many electronic devices from clogging up landfill sites. It is thought to be a wonderful step for helping the environment.

In the spark of latest features of mobile handsets we are tending to forget about our old used mobile phones completely that we usually dump it in one corner of the drawer or throw it away in the trash. But you must remember that mobile phones are manufactured by harmful and toxic materials that can cause serious environmental contamination if disposed off carelessly. The toxic elements it consists are arsenic in the semi-conductors, lead in the soldering material and nickel or cadmium in batteries. So, these harmful chemicals cause long term environmental concerns after get dumped into the landfills.

Recycle mobile phones is the best method to discard your used handset than just dumping it away in the garbage. With the falling prices of mobile handsets , people use to upgrade to new one while their old gadgets are still in new condition. These dumped handsets can be made fine with a few minor repairs, because most of them equipped with the basic features of a camera, music player, FM radio etc. So, they can be given off to someone who is in need of the mobile phone rather than dumping it in trash. In this way you would not only dispose your cell phone in an environment-friendly way but also earn some cash in return.

The recycle mobile handsets can be used as donation for people of charitable organizations, especially working women who are not able to afford a simple mobile phone. These people are in desperate need of a phone when they have to contact any person or the police or ambulance in case of emergency. So, you can donate your old mobile phone which is of no use for you for a noble cause. In this process user have another offer as he can get money in exchange of their useless mobile phones. There are various recycling companies such as Fonebank, Corporate Mobile Recycling, Mopay, Mazuma, Envirofone, Ebay which pay for your old mobiles as much as you deserve.

Today shops and malls too are looking forward and taking steps regarding this technique. They use to provide a recycle bin for their customers, so that they can put their used and discarded cell phones along with other electronic devices. Under trained supervision and practices, these handsets and other gadgets are recycled. This is the best way of disposing off your unused gadget which are not in proper working conditions.

Raina Kelsey provides articles with full description of recycle mobile phone and recycle mobiles .

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EEP100 – Lecture 15

The sociology of economists (young PhDs); real world vs. math; political economy (visible vs. invisible victims); sunk costs redux; expected utility; sustainability; vs. subsistence; soccer is a stochastic dynamic general equilibrium game!; simultaneous move game.
Video Rating: 4 / 5

Review of guest lectures and discussion experiment (fishing game-tragedy of commons); power (political economy); theory v. reality v. empirics; supply and demand; elasticity.

Why Small Businesses Should Care

What about small businesses? Can they sit this one out? In a word, no. Here are six reasons why:

1. Laws that once applied only to big business are encroaching on smaller enterprises. Even bakeries and gas stations must now comply with clean air regulations.

2. Small companies often have an edge in innovation. Of the more than 0 billion in R&D money that each year is plowed into the “clean tech” marketplace, the bulk goes to new, smaller ventures who historically have produced more breakthrough products and services.

3. Going after the consumption choices of individuals remains difficult politically, but advocacy groups have no problem demanding that small businesses curb their impacts. So while personal cars may not come under NGO attack, the emissions from taxi fleets or delivery services make a relatively attractive target.

4. The Information Age is reducing the costs of pursuing smaller-scale actors. New sensors, information systems, and communications technologies make tracking pollution and monitoring regulatory compliance cheaper every day. Even tiny enterprises now find it hard to fly under the radar.

5. Large customers are putting pressure on small-business suppliers to comply with environmental standards. One little New York-based software developer we know found itself answering tough questions posed by a Tokyo-based telecom company with an aggressive auditing program for its supply chain. To stay on the list of preferred suppliers, the company had to implement an Environmental Management System — much more than a company its size would normally do.

6. Small companies can be more nimble than their larger competitors. Entrepreneurial businesses can move quickly to take advantage of changing circumstances or meet niche demands. Q Collection, a “sustainable”home furnishings company, produces couches, tables, and chairs without toxic dyes and with wood sourced entirely from sustainably managed forests. The furniture is priced at the high end of the market, but the company has found a customer base of interior designers who want the natural option. And Hawaii-based Kona Blue has launched an environmentally friendly fish farm to meet the growing demand for fish raised free of hormones and antibiotics.

The above is an excerpt from the book Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage
by Daniel C. Esty and Andrew S. Winston (Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 978-0-470-39374-1). The above excerpt is a digitally scanned reproduction of text from print. Although this excerpt has been proofread, occasional errors may appear due to the scanning process. Please refer to the finished book for accuracy.

Copyright © 2009 Daniel C. Esty and Andrew S. Winston

Author Bio
Daniel C. Esty, co-author of Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage (Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 978-0-470-39374-1), is the Hillhouse Professor at Yale University and Director of the Center for Business and the Environment at Yale (www.yale.edu/CBEY).  Author and editor of nine books and dozens of articles, Dan is one of the world’s leading corporate environmental strategy experts with twenty years of experience working with companies of all sizes and across many industries worldwide.  He served as senior official at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in the early 1990s and is presently Chairman of Esty Environmental Partners (www.EstyEP.com).

Andrew S. Winston, co-author of Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage (Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 978-0-470-39374-1), advises some of the world’s leading companies on how to profit from environmental thinking.  He is also a highly respected and dynamic speaker, exploring the business benefits of going green with audiences around the world.  Andrew’s earlier career included corporate strategy at Boston Consulting Group and management positions in marketing and business development at Time Warner and MTV.  See www.andrewwinston.com for more information.

Please visit www.EstyEP.com and www.andrewwinston.com for more details.

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Allied Environmental Services, Inc. Expands Hazardous Materials/Waste Management Services

Allied Environmental Services, Inc. Expands Hazardous Materials/Waste Management Services

Allied specialist collecting hazardous waste.

Lima, Ohio (Vocus/PRWEB) February 21, 2011

Allied Environmental Services, Inc. (Allied) recently announced that it is expanding its environmental consulting and contracting services to include management and recycling of hazardous materials and universal waste products. Allied has been providing professional waste management, emergency spill response, industrial maintenance, environmental site assessment, and asbestos abatement services for over 23 years. The Lima, Ohio-based company is now expanding its capabilities to include collection, transport, and recycling of hazardous materials, laboratory chemicals, spent photographic and x-ray developing solutions, radioactive materials, and universal wastes.

To help develop the new services, Allied hired senior chemist and hazardous waste specialist Noah McManus. Mr. McManus has over 15 years experience managing hazardous materials and is an expert in waste characterization. “I’m very excited to be spearheading Allied’s expanded services. Allied is an established and respected environmental firm with a very large client base, and the framework for increasing waste management services was already in place”, stated McManus. “With our expanded services, we can now provide complete turn-key waste management. This translates to a significant cost savings for our clients”, added McManus.

Allied’s focus is on waste minimization and recycling. By consolidating and neutralizing waste streams, the quantity of hazardous waste generated can be reduced considerably. In many cases, these minimization measures allow a client to change RCRA status from a large quantity generator (LQG) to a conditionally-exempt small quantity generator (CESQG), which reduces RCRA filing requirements and also reduces liability. “We’re trying to show our clients the value, both in cost savings and decreased liability, that waste minimization can provide”, stated McManus. “Recycling is another means of minimization. Often, it is cheaper to recycle than to dispose of a material as a waste; AND you keep that material out of a landfill, which is environmentally responsible”, he added.

Allied is currently assisting clients with disposal and/or recycling of RCRA hazardous wastes, PCBs, elemental mercury and mercury-containing devices, radioactives, shock-sensitive materials, unused or obsolete lab chemicals in schools and hospitals, and “universal wastes”. Universal waste typically includes items such as spent light bulbs, mercury switches, and batteries; and electronic equipment such as computers, printers and monitors – all of which can be efficiently recycled.

About Allied Environmental Services, Inc.

Allied Environmental Services, Inc. (Allied) is an environmental consulting and contracting firm located in Lima, Ohio. For over 24 years, Allied has provided professional environmental management solutions to property owners, lenders, municipalities, schools, hospitals, and private industry. Allied specializes in hazardous waste management, emergency spill response, industrial cleaning, asbestos abatement, underground storage tank closure, Phase I ESA, and air quality testing.

For more information please visit us on the web at http://www.allied-environmental.com.

# # #


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Vocus, PRWeb, and Publicity Wire are trademarks or registered trademarks of Vocus, Inc. or Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.

Related Environmental Change Press Releases

Nice Green Economics photos

A few nice green economics images I found:

atelier PRO – ROC Graafschap College, Doetinchem 12
green economics
Image by atelier PRO architekten
Architect: atelier PRO

Secondary school for Economics and Service sector (5500 m²).

More information: www.atelierpro.nl/pub/portfolio/port_leren/port_leren_gr/…

Photo: Petra Appelhof

atelier PRO – ROC Graafschap College, Doetinchem 08
green economics
Image by atelier PRO architekten
Architect: atelier PRO

Secondary school for Economics and Service sector (5500 m²).

More information: www.atelierpro.nl/pub/portfolio/port_leren/port_leren_gr/…

Photo: Petra Appelhof

Big Apple
green economics
Image by .michael.newman.
The fruit is the iPod of apples, a/k/a Honeycrisp.

The New York Times
October 15, 2006
Our Towns
Feeding Appetites for the iPod of Apples

Tivoli, N.Y.

“This is really like a franchise apple,” Peter Gregg, a spokesman for the New York Apple Association, was saying the other day. “You know how sports teams talk about franchise players? This is like that. Nothing in recent memory has created this kind of a buzz. It’s definitely our most exciting new product. People bite into them, and they just go crazy.”

O.K. Maybe apple people are getting a little overly excited about the Honeycrisp apple. But, hey, if you had what you thought of as the apple business (tree-grown division) version of the iPod in your orchards, maybe you would get a little overly excited, too.

So in the odd mix of agronomy and product development that is the farming business in much of New York, consider the Honeycrisp apple. On the market for less than a decade, though still hard to find and unknown to many consumers, it is already a legend in its time and an object lesson in the new economics of ag marketing.

First, let me say, journalistic objectivity aside, they’re on to something. Of course, unless you spend time at farmers’ markets you might not know what a Honeycrisp apple is. And even if you do, a comparison with an iPod might seem a bit off. You can’t download Eminem or Nickelback to one.

But the Honeycrisp, developed in 1991 by two researchers at the University of Minnesota, really is kind of amazing: firm, wonderfully flavorful, tart and sweet at the same time. It’s no wonder that they often sell for twice as much as other apples and that growers sound like used-car dealers when they talk about them.

“I’ve been doing this for 30 years, and there’s nothing that’s come close to this,” said Tre Green of Chazy Orchards in Chazy, N.Y. He was one of the first people in the state to try them and now has them on about 80 of his 800 acres. “It’s a hard apple to grow, but it has such a spectacular taste, I think supply is going to take a long, long time, if ever, to catch up with demand.”

And if nothing in his experience selling apples is comparable, how about in other businesses? He paused: “Well, maybe the development of the Internet for information exchange.”

Like most farming stories, the apple story is either horrible (glut, drought, hail, heat, imports) or terrific (bumper crop). This year, it seems to be pretty terrific. One reason, aside from good weather, is that farmers’ markets have matured into a standard part of the food chain, allowing farmers to sell their wares directly. Another is that many farmers have become such smart marketers and product developers.

Take Chuck Mead, 51, and his dad, Sid, 82, at Mead Orchards in northern Dutchess County, where their family has been farming since 1916. In the early 1990’s, Chuck Mead was thinking of packing it in — too much work, too little gain, little prospect of things changing.

But, in fact, they did. And now instead of just selling fruits and vegetables wholesale, at least half his business is selling at farmers’ markets, including ones every week in Mount Vernon, White Plains, the Bronx, Ossining and Rhinebeck. The pick-it-yourself business at the farm is having perhaps its best year, and his own sales there are going well.

And rather than planting the same crops, he has developed into something like a buyer at Neiman-Marcus, always alert for exciting new product lines.

So even though he is near the southern end of the range for growing them, he has planted about 800 or 900 Honeycrisp trees, with plans to add 1,000 more next year.

“This is a much more complicated business than it used to be,” said Mr. Mead, who farms 185 acres on gorgeous hilly terrain across the Hudson from the Catskills. “You want to pick up on something new, and if you wait four or five years, you might miss it. But you also don’t want to plant a whole bunch of something that turns out to be a dog.”

So, along with his tart cherries from Hungary and slightly weird Asian pears, along with the Cortlands, Cameos, Mutsus and Senshus, the Macouns, Idareds, Romes and Galas, Mr. Mead is now tending his Honeycrisps, a cross between a Macoun and a Honeygold.

And having flirted with getting out, he is now so committed to farming he has sold the development rights to his land, meaning it will stay agricultural in perpetuity.

Still, in the brave new world of entrepreneurial ag, he has one place where he draws the line.

“Well, there’s also the entertainment angle,” he said. “You know the farms that have hay mazes, corn mazes, petting zoos, all kinds of stuff? That’s fine for some people and not for others. We get calls all the time: Do you do hayrides, do you do this or that? I just say, no, but we have a beautiful view of the mountains.”

E-mail: peappl@nytimes.com

The Trend is Your Friend When Choosing Stocks and A Home-Based Business

The stock market saying, “the trend is your friend”, can make you wealthy when investing in stocks and when choosing a home-based business.  What does this saying mean?  If the stock market is in an uptrend, you should buy stocks, and if the stock market is in a downtrend, you should not buy stocks.  In general, it is much more difficult to make money if you invest against the overall trend.

Think back to 1998 and 1999, in the midst of the great NASDAQ bull market.  Almost anyone could make money buying tech stocks.  Fast forward to 2000, and it was almost impossible to make money buying tech stocks because they were in a major downtrend.

The best scenario is to find a trend in an early stage and jump on board. This is how you can make the most money investing in stocks.

The same is true when picking a business or industry. It’s much easier to make money if you are in an industry that is in an uptrend.  And those who jump on board early in the uptrend will generally gain the most.

So what are the major trends in today’s economy and market?  

1. Health and wellness.  The health and wellness is poised to grow, even in a down economy.  This trend is the results of a convergence of rising health care costs, the aging baby boomer population, and our strong desire to look and feel younger, and growing life expectancy.  Each and every day there are 20,000 new baby boomers reaching retirement age, and that trend will continue for the next 20 years!  Boomers today want to look younger, feel younger, and stay active, and they are willing to be proactive about their health and wellness.

Paul Zane Pilzer, a renowned world economist, professor, and entrepreneur, foresees the wellness industry will be worth 1 trillion dollars by 2010.  Look for opportunities associated with being healthy, feeling great, looking good,  and fighting aging and disease. The nutritional beverage market is one of the fastest growing sectors in the wellness industry.

2. Green.  Green is the new black, in case you haven’t heard. The green trend will continue from green vehicles (electric or hybrid), building materials, recycling, to reduced oil dependency via alternative energies like solar and wind energy.  There are many wide-ranging business opportunities in this sector such as anything to do with green vehicles,  low-carbon groceries, environmental microfinance, and green building related products, processes, and certifications.  More ideas can be found in the book “75 Green Businesses You Can Start To Make Money and Make a Difference.”

3. Social networking.  Social networks are hot!  MySpace is not just for kids anymore. LinkedIn is a popular business network. There is FaceBook, Tagged, Bebo, LinkedIn, Plaxo, and Twitter, to name just a few of the social networking environments.  More are springing up all the time.  Many of these social networks provide a wonderful opportunity to find new prospects and clients for your business, and to develop an online relationship with them.  There are many effective social marketing techniques that have little or no cost that are highly leveraged and can be very effective when used properly. 

If you have a desire to start a business, you would be wise to pick one in an industry that is in a strong uptrend.   Your chance of success will be much higher and your wealth potential much greater.

And now I would like to invite you to claim your FREE ACCESS to “15 Ways To Grow Your Business Online”. Just click here to send me a blank email and you’ll start receiving valuable information that can help you get more traffic to your website or blog and make more money from your visitors.

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The New Zealand School of Export provides highly practical, professional and business development for exporters. The School is a Charitable Trust, so we are totally independent, and the only provider in New Zealand and Australia of the internationally accredited Diploma of International Trade – delivered through distance learning. The Diploma takes you and your business through all aspects of international trade and in doing so, helps you reduce your risks and grow your exports. Written for exporters by exporters, you apply what you learn from day one and because the course is delivered by distance learning, you can study at work, home or while travelling. All our staff are professionally qualified in their specialist field and provide you with one-on-one support, as well as access to our network of Adjunct Faculty who are experts working in the export/import field. You can start the Diploma on the 1st of any month and we have a range of Scholarships and Discounts which we encourage you to apply for. The School also offers a unique Export Library and Information Service staffed by a professional librarian who can help your research and preparation for entering new markets. Don’t take our word for it – check out our website and read what our exporters have to say about us: www.export.ac.nz and do contact us – we’d love to help you grow your exports. Check out our Madefromnewzealand.com profile http
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Earth Science Quiz Help (Haven’t Gotten My Book Yet)?

Question by FutureJournalist: Earth Science Quiz Help (Haven’t Gotten My Book Yet)?

What factors determine whether a population of humans grows, shrinks, or remains stable? Name all the factors that affect population size.
If the growth rate of a given population is steady, the size of the population will eventually stabilize.
A) True
B) False
In urbanized areas, total fertility rates (TFR) are less than in rural areas.
A) True
B) False
The global annual growth rate of the human population has declined since 1960.
A) True
B) False
During which time period did the world’s population increase by more than a factor of two?
A) 1850-1900
B) 1900-1950
C) 1750-1800
D) 1950-2000
E) 1800-1850
If a population doubles in the course of 50 years, its growth rate would be ________%.
A) 20
B) 10
C) 35
D) 1.4
E) 4
If global fertility rates remain constant at 2006 levels, the United Nations predicts that world population will be approximately ________ in 2050.
A) 4 billion
B) 5 billion
C) 7 billion
D) 10 billion
E) 12 billion
Replacement fertility ________ in Notestein’s demographic model.
A) is a contraceptive technique
B) restores population size after a catastrophic event
C) is equal to 2.1 in populations that are stable
D) is below 2 in Latin America and the Caribbean
E) is below 2 in Africa
Declining death rates due to increased food production and improved medical care while birth rates remain high is characteristic of the ________ stage of the demographic transition.
A) revolutionary
B) pre-industrial
C) post-industrial
D) transitional
E) stabilization
Which of the following countries has the highest population growth rate?
A) Spain
B) United States
C) Italy
D) Canada
E) Pakistan
Canada’s age structure diagram ________.
A) reflects an aging population
B) reflects unequal distribution of males and females at all age groups
C) reflects a population with a high growth rate
D) reflects a “baby boom” in the early 1980s
E) looks like a pyramid
The transitional stage in Frank Notestein’s demographic model is initiated by ________.
A) epidemics
B) government intervention
C) the increased use of contraceptives
D) resource depletion
E) industrialization
According to the IPAT model, technology that enhances our acquisition of minerals, fossil fuels, timber, and marine fish ________.
A) decreases environmental impact
B) increases non-renewable resource availability
C) increases the human population
D) increases environmental impact
E) increases “sensitivity”
The “sensitivity factor” in the IPAT model, used to represent human environmental impact, refers to ________.
A) the sensitivity of an environment to human pressures
B) the sensitivity of governments to carrying capacity demands
C) human sensitivity to what needs to be done to protect the environment
D) economic sensitivity to resource use
E) the sensitivity of endangered species to human population infringement
The most accurate terms describing the trends in human agricultural and energy needs and use over the past 50 years are ________.
A) decreasing needs and sustainable use
B) steady state – no change in either needs or use
C) increasing needs and unsustainable use
D) rapidly increasing needs, moving from unsustainable to barely sustainable use
E) from unsustainable needs/use to sustainable needs/use

Best answer:

Answer by Docky_Doc
1. im/emigration, birth, death
2. true
3. false
9. transitional
10. U.S.
11. unequal distribution of males and females at all age groups
12. industrialization
13. increases human pop.
Not sure of the rest sorry homie..is this for PSU, Earth 100?

Give your answer to this question below!

Green Energy in Emerging Economies: Renewable investment, capacity growth, and future outlook

green economics
by amitp

Rapid growth in economy and energy consumption in non-OECD countries will need an expansion in the power generation market. Governments will increasingly be looking to develop renewable energies to avoid power shortages that would stunt development and therefore mitigate government objectives of raising living standards.

Global economic and energy demand growth will be concentrated in developing economies, so there is much potential for the role of renewable energies in emerging markets to expand over the next two decades. Although conventional forms of energy will still dominate the energy mix, the expansion of power-generating capacity in emerging markets will at least partly be supplied by growth in wind, solar, bio and hydropower.

The BRIC – Brazil, Russia, India and China – countries and other emerging markets are facing the twin challenges of promoting economic growth while mitigating the environmental impact of their growth strategies.

While there is criticism that countries such as India and China have balked from making more firm commitments to cutting their GHG emissions, both these countries nevertheless have prioritized renewable energy development as part of their strategy to reduce the carbon intensity of their respective economies per unit of GDP.

Therefore, developing economies led by the BRIC countries are playing an increasingly crucial role, not just in the global economic order, but also in the climate change debate and in the dynamics of global energy supply and demand.

Key findings

China will be one of the major markets for wind power over the next two decades. China’s National Energy Administration stated that the country aims to more than double its wind power capacity to 30GW by 2020. China will reportedly invest at least 0bn to achieve the 30GW target by 2010.

By 2030, non-OECD economies will account for 59% of global energy consumption, a marked increase from 49.8% in 2006. Also by 2030, non-OECD economies will be emitting 25.8bn mt of carbon dioxide, or 64% of total emissions.

Brazil has huge potential for renewable energy through the burning of bagasse – a waste product from sugarcane production – to generate onsite heat and power. In
2009, it is estimated that 8,892MW of power will be produced by sugar cane with 3,600MW available to the market.

Incentive schemes will be crucial for the development of renewable energy sector over the next two decades. The report includes a detailed look at the many policies being promoted by the emerging economies, with a special emphasis on India.

Renewable energy policies differ greatly among the smaller emerging economies, ranging from the promotion of solar power in the Czech Republic to the concentration on geothermal power by the government of Indonesia.

Use this report to…
• Achieve a quick and comprehensive understanding of the renewable energy sector in the major emerging economies.
• Realize up-to-date competitive intelligence through an extensive review of the different forms of renewable energy and the different rates of development depending on the country.
• Assess the policy goals of the emerging economies regarding renewable energy and how these are driving capacity expansion.
• Identify which forms of renewable energy and which markets have the greatest growth potential for renewable energy.
• Identify the main drivers and resistors to growth for all the main renewable energy sources in each of the major emerging economies.

Explore issues including…

Environmental requirements: – By 2006, non-OECD economies had exceeded the OECD in energy related carbon dioxide emissions. Meanwhile, BRIC countries, especially China and India, will play a major role in emissions growth over the next two decades by virtue of the fact that in each case economic growth and energy demand expansion will be robust. On the back of this, emerging economies are coming under increasing international pressure to cut emissions and invest in renewable sources.

Legislative issues: – As China has become a leading emitter of GHGs, its government has also decided to facilitate the growth of cleaner renewable energy sources to help fuel the country’s economic expansion. This has resulted in the country pledging to install almost 350GW of renewable capacity by 2030. Faced by similar problems, many of the leading emerging economies are also adopting comprehensive national policies to promote renewable energy.

Government support for renewable energy: – The cost of renewable energy remains above that for fossil-fuelled generation technologies. Therefore the sector has required substantial government support in the emerging economies in order to stimulate development. This includes the implementation of generous fixed tariffs for electricity generated and other support schemes such as tax incentives.

Future growth: – Rapid economic and energy consumption growth in non-OECD countries will need to be fed by expanded power generation. Meanwhile, a shift in an overall policy towards environmental issues is occurring at the same time. Together these two issues will combine to drive substantial renewable energy investment in the developing world up to 2030.


• What are the drivers shaping and influencing the renewable energy sector in the emerging economies?
• Which countries have the greatest potential for renewable energy?
• What types of renewable energy have the greatest potential for growth in the emerging economies?
• How is economic growth and increasing power consumption shaping renewable energy policies at a national level?
• How are governments reacting to international pressure to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and what has been the impact of events such as the Copenhagen Conference?
• Who are the main companies benefiting from the surge in investment in renewable energy in the emerging world?

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